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Musculoskeletal Health & Fitness Topic 1.docx
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Department
Kinesiology & Health Science
Course
KINE 1020
Professor
Jennifer Kuk
Semester
Winter

Description
KINE 1000 Dr. A. Belcastro – Topic 1 Musculoskeletal (MSK) Health & Fitness Musculoskeletal Health and Fitness • Healthy muscles allow a person to move freely and to keep the body responsive and strong • Relationship among muscle, movement and physical activity: I. Muscles produce force or tension – applied or expressed in types of contractions II. Contractions support a variety of movements (fundamental and specialized motor skills) III. Movements are coordinated into actions or physical activity • Healthy muscles allow for the ability to perform coordinated activities associated with: Posture Ambulation (walking, mobility) Functional tasks for daily living – meeting demands (lifting, bending, turning) ; safety Leisure – purposeful movement, and Work – occupation – oriented activity Sport – from personal bests to elite level  The maintenance and enhancement of skeletal muscle is an important aspect of a healthy functional lifestyle; as well as being integral to success in athletic/sporting events and/or the activities in the workplace What is the impact of not maintaining healthy muscles? • Difficulty with locomotion (movement) – standing and walking • Lack of functional independence – difficulty conducting activities of daily living • Poor performance in work-related tasks/ activities (limits the scope of activity) • Constrains development of health and fitness related parameters – lead to increased body weight gains • Lowered psycho-social health – poor self-concept, self-image; modified socio-economic status • Increased susceptibility to structural damage and injury • Lowers opportunity for successful sport/ recreational activities Impact of Unhealthy Muscles – Musculoskeletal (MSK) Disorders • World Health Organization (WHO) states: Worldwide MSK disorders are among the leading reasons for people contacting a physician, taking time away from work and/or becoming disabled o Prevalence and impact varies in developing versus industrialized countries Classification of Musculoskeletal Disorders • Criteria for WHO International Classifications of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF) * includes assessments of: a) Body structure and function; b) Activity limitations; c) Any restriction to participation in life activities Scope of MSK Disorders • Structure/Function – transient and reversal decrease in muscle function – manifests itself in minutes to hours • Activity limitations – injury or damage and associated pain leading to impaired movement Days to years • Any restrictions – injury leading to chronic disability, degeneration and loss of muscle (ongoing) Examples of Common MSK Disorders • Activity limitations – injury or damage and associated pain leading to impaired movement – days to years MSK pain – local ad generalized Low back pain Occupation-related pain • Any restrictions – injury leading to chronic disability, degeneration and los
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