Class Notes (834,986)
Canada (508,846)
York University (35,167)
KINE 1020 (440)

Musculoskeletal Health & Fitness Topic 1.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 1020
Jennifer Kuk

KINE 1000 Dr. A. Belcastro – Topic 1 Musculoskeletal (MSK) Health & Fitness Musculoskeletal Health and Fitness • Healthy muscles allow a person to move freely and to keep the body responsive and strong • Relationship among muscle, movement and physical activity: I. Muscles produce force or tension – applied or expressed in types of contractions II. Contractions support a variety of movements (fundamental and specialized motor skills) III. Movements are coordinated into actions or physical activity • Healthy muscles allow for the ability to perform coordinated activities associated with: Posture Ambulation (walking, mobility) Functional tasks for daily living – meeting demands (lifting, bending, turning) ; safety Leisure – purposeful movement, and Work – occupation – oriented activity Sport – from personal bests to elite level  The maintenance and enhancement of skeletal muscle is an important aspect of a healthy functional lifestyle; as well as being integral to success in athletic/sporting events and/or the activities in the workplace What is the impact of not maintaining healthy muscles? • Difficulty with locomotion (movement) – standing and walking • Lack of functional independence – difficulty conducting activities of daily living • Poor performance in work-related tasks/ activities (limits the scope of activity) • Constrains development of health and fitness related parameters – lead to increased body weight gains • Lowered psycho-social health – poor self-concept, self-image; modified socio-economic status • Increased susceptibility to structural damage and injury • Lowers opportunity for successful sport/ recreational activities Impact of Unhealthy Muscles – Musculoskeletal (MSK) Disorders • World Health Organization (WHO) states: Worldwide MSK disorders are among the leading reasons for people contacting a physician, taking time away from work and/or becoming disabled o Prevalence and impact varies in developing versus industrialized countries Classification of Musculoskeletal Disorders • Criteria for WHO International Classifications of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF) * includes assessments of: a) Body structure and function; b) Activity limitations; c) Any restriction to participation in life activities Scope of MSK Disorders • Structure/Function – transient and reversal decrease in muscle function – manifests itself in minutes to hours • Activity limitations – injury or damage and associated pain leading to impaired movement Days to years • Any restrictions – injury leading to chronic disability, degeneration and loss of muscle (ongoing) Examples of Common MSK Disorders • Activity limitations – injury or damage and associated pain leading to impaired movement – days to years MSK pain – local ad generalized Low back pain Occupation-related pain • Any restrictions – injury leading to chronic disability, degeneration and los
More Less

Related notes for KINE 1020

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.