December 2, 2009
-The study of human social behavior, especially the study of the origins,
organizations, institutions, and development of human society.
-take account of the cultural and social differences between men and
women. These include differences in their needs and interests, knowledge,
tasks and roles in society.
.There are departments in the universities called "Women's Studies” which
.Is a study of writings films, possibly music, poetry of a culture or a
.When you study that sort of thing it tells you about societies views on
a particular topic.
.Professor talking about a new movie that is out - Blindsite – movie.
>"A study of change".
.If things did not change we would not have history.
>Why? Can give direction to the future.
.If you study the history of somebody who made it into medicine you would
have a much better chance of getting in.
.Historical gives us perspective on what is very likely to happen.
.Professor talking about President Obama who ordered 30,000 more troops
.A study of history tells you that will not work. Another Vietnam -
people don't learn from the past.
-When, where, who, what, how
-adds analysis and explanation to above
-The "why" component
Page 1 of6 >Giving the Finger
>Before the Battle of Agincourt 1415, the French, anticipating victory
over the English, proposed to cut off the middle finger of all captured
English soldiers. Without the middle finger it would be impossible to
draw the renowned English longbow and therefore they would be incapable
of fighting in the future.
......The English one...
-use data to explain
-Video and audio tape people and comments
-form of interpretive-explain behaviour of individual historical figures.
>interview people who lived through the experiences.
New dinosaur species found
.this one makes T-rex look little (Picture shown)
Newspaper clipping: Crocs that dined on dinosaurs
Newspaper clipping: Sea monsters found in Arctic
Newspaper clipping: Chicken math shows T.rex couldn't run
.T-rex couldn't run because it was too big.
.Hollywood creates the T-rex running.
>Sources of data
.if you witnessed it you were right there.
.one degree away
.the problem with interviewing is the lifespan.
.after 100 years you will not find witnesses to the account.
.official records - government documents, religious documents - births,
marriages, deaths etc.
.schools keep records
>personal records - diaries, letters, text-messaging and cell phones.
.speeches - Presidents speeches are recorded.
>oral traditions - most cultures have oral traditions information has
been passed on from one generation to the next.
.many religious text would fall under this.
Page 2 of6 .if they change then you are into a secondary source.
>pictorial records - photographs, films,
paintings, murals, cave drawings, sculptures, masks that are carved.
>published records - newspapers, books, magazines, papyrus scrolls, Dead
>mechanical records - tape recordings, film, CD's, DVD's.
Newspaper clipping: Great pyramid at Giza yields up yet another secret.
.How did they build them?
.They also built them in a specific direction north.
.4500 years ago there was no North Star -how could they have lined these
things up perfectly?
.They were able to pinpoint exactly the year they started building these
>did not witness or record the event directly
-oral tradition? you never know if the information is changing over time
it would be considered a secondary source.
>integrity of research depends on ability of the author to evaluate
sources of info' critically and objectively.
.Is it real? Is it a fake or forgery?
.Newspaper clipping: The Faker - this person was digging up archaeology -
he actually buried it and that was why he knew where to find them.
Newspaper clipping: University investigates cancer study - data was fake.
.Apparently this was in South Africa but it has ties