Gender and Canadian Sport History
-sport is all about bodies.
Question: What is the connection between sex, gender, and sexuality?
sex- biological gentiles, hormones. All biology has elements of social construction.
-Male and Female
** Blur between the two sexes. Because women can be born with testes as well (caster semenya, ciara)
-stereotypes help construct the world, yet make things more complicated.
gender- can be a personal decision , social construction. How a body is represented. How it is perceived
in culture. Identities of masculinity and femininity become apparent.
- Male and Female, become blurred. Males can perform femininity and females can perform masculinity.
In sport this causes issues because it argues what is “normal”….”tomboy girl”….or a boy who is
“Feminine” and deemed to “queer” to play in a sport.
-talking about many bodies.
-there is a blur between masculinity and femininity.
***It is context specific. When a female is out at a gala wearing a gown she is seen as feminine. When
she is out winning 800 m sprints, she s considered masculine
-bruce lee performs his masculinity through martial arts. There is a grace in his masculinity
sexuality- socially constructed to whatever your preference is
-whom you choose to have sexual relations with
-Homosexuality or Heterosexuality. These do not capture all sexuality. There is bisexuality, asexuality.
-in sport, your sexuality determines who is allowed to play and who isn’t allowed to play
-not just about women (sex category)
-about performances of masculinity and femininity
-may or may not be linked to sex
Sport and Games:
-toughness/strength -Served as entertainment, fun, and reinforced
connections between bodily skill and masculine identity
-violence -created men-only spaces for celebration of physicality
-exposed weakness of manhood Early Canada
-differences between men and women were of degree not kind
-both helped with survival, farming and defending the property
-not till Victorian period did attitudes about masculine entitlement to the public sphere and female
sexual reproduction take hold
-Military reaffirmed positions of men as:
defenders of home and family
heads of households