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MODR 1760 (136)
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Department
Modes Of Reasoning
Course
MODR 1760
Professor
Anthony Falikowski
Semester
Fall

Description
How to Distinguish Deductive from Inductive Arguments1If the conclusion follows necessarily from the premises argument should always be treated as deductive2If the conclusion does not follow necessarily from the premises the argument should be treated as inductive unless a the language or context of the argument makes clear that the argument is deductive or b the argument has a pattern of reasoning that is characteristically deductive3If the argument has a pattern of reasoning that is characteristically deductive the argument should be treated as deductive unless there is clear evidence that the argument is intended to be inductive4If the argument has a pattern of reasoning that is characteristically inductive the argument should be treated as inductive unless there is clear evidence that the argument id intended to be deductive5Arguments often contain indicator wordswords like probably necessarily and certainlythat provide clues in determining whether an argument is deductive or inductive However the indicator words are often used loosely or improperly6If there is significant doubt about whether an argument is deductive or inductive always interpret the argument in the way most favorable to the arguerCommon patterns of deductive reasoning5 common patterns of deductive reasoningHypothetical syllogismCategorical syllogismArgument by EliminationArgument based on mathematicsArgument from definitionHypothetical Syllogism
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