NATS 1760 Lecture Notes - Scientific Revolution, Anthropomorphism, Signify
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Introduction to the Scientific Revolution- jan24
–series of changes between sixteenth to eighteenth century
–meant to signify a radical change in the way that people see the world, the way they investigate
the world, and the uses those investigations put forth
–before scientific revolution the world is understood in a certain way, afterwards the place of
human and the way they gain knowledge changes
–the: one; whole
–scientific: science is an organized body of knowledge, which doesn't emerge until later.... is is
scientific revolution or philosophical revolution?
–Revolution: radical change over short period of time; however scientific revolution took place
over 200 years , gradual
Questioning the Scientific Revolution
The New Science
•What was known?
–past is source of error, Ancients made mistakes, didn't understand the world properly, limited by
instruments and theories
–not human centred
–they put forth false notions of what the world was like
•How was it known?
–rise of experimentation
–introduction of telescope, microscope
–privilege way of generating knowledge surrounding the world
•What was the knowledge for?
World before the Scientific Revolution
–human beings are at the centre of the universe; humans are the best way to understand the world
–earth is nested at center of planets
–human beings are physically at center of universe ; if at center of creation they are the focus of
–Aristotle four things that make up the world; fire, air, water, earth
–Anthropomorphism: attribute human qualities to things that are not human
–explains phenomenon of the world by giving nature human qualities
–best way to explain the world is not through human qualities
–best way to explain the world is by describe inanimate/ dead matter
–model of understanding nature are machines; nature itself is a machine
–things we see in world are just the product of mechanical actions
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