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Natural Science
NATS 1775
Vera Pavri

The Automobile and the Rise of Mass Production in the United States November 20, 2012 Early American System of Manufacturing  Specializing machinery - Creating machines in other machines. Tools making tools. Standardized parts – look all the same and are interchangeable. You can substitute one part or another.  Most products were unique and handcrafted. Each product did not resemble another. EX: produce 2 cars before the American system of manufacturing... they make look the same but if you opened up the cars, they are quite different.  Why did it take off in the USA instead of any other place in the world? Interchangeable Parts History  Eli Whitney is a story about both fact and fiction. He was the first person to promote this idea of standardizing interchangeable parts. By the very late th 18 century, he was the first to approach the US government. Be able to provide the US with these muskets (a type of gun).  When they opened up Whitney’s muskets, they found out he didn’t create them but more of an illusion that he did. Role of the Military and Intermediary Industries  Increasing role in creating new technologies and techniques of production  Why are governments and military institutions usually at the forefront of creating new technology? Often wanted greater control/power even over their enemies. They usually have lots of money. Having a lot of money in these institutions can fail time and time again during the research process.  Knowledge diffusion: Knowledge being transferred from one sector to another over time. Intermediary industries adopted some of these techniques but not all of them. Typewriter, bicycle, etc. industries were amongst the first to take whole of these techniques. The Ford Motor Company and Mass Production Early Years  Rise of mass production: those techniques associated with the American system of manufacturing and advent or introduction of assembly line (component that will be developed and used first)  Creating a car for the masses – large quantities and how to make them cheap Ford and ASM  Vertical integration. Not to just sell cars but to manufacturer parts as well  Martin & Sorenson – encouraged to look at other industries and figure out what their techniques were (ex: look at how bicycles are made, see how those processes are and see if you can apply them to the manufacturing of cars) Highland Park  Essentially a new place for production. Bought nearly 60 acres of land  Originally the factory was originally in the heart of Detroit. The idea of congestion was a problem for being in the heart of a city, as well as limited space.  Everything was done here, from making it, to assembling, to finishing with the final product  Power, accuracy, and economy – 3 principles th
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