The Global South: Politics, Policy & Development
POLS 3560 – Fall/Winter 2011/2012 – Ananya Mukherjee-Reed
Lecture 15 – Migration – Feb 14
- Human development report 2009 – Overcoming barriers: Human mobility and
- How and why people move:
o Internal migration (within country).
o International migration.
o Trafficking (primarily women).
o Refugees (displaced peoples).
- The problem
o Barriers to movement – Restrictions on movement within and across
borders limit human choices and freedom.
o Treatment of ‘movers’ – Upon arrival in destination country many migrants
‘face systemic disadvantages, making it difficult or impossible for them to
access local services on equal terms with local people. And these
problems are especially severe for temporary and irregular workers.’
- The proposal
o Expand migration schemes – Receiving countries should expand
migration schemes (in particular seasonal worker and tourism programs)
and increase the number of visas for ‘low-skilled’ people.
o Ensure basic rights for migrants – Including basic wage guarantees, equal
pay for equal work, health and safety standards, provisions for repeat
visits, right to change employers, right to apply for permanent residency,
right to unionize, etc.
o Lower transaction costs of migration – Governments in country of origin
and country of destination should simplify their procedures and reduce
document costs (e.g. passport and visa fees) for migrants.
o Develop policies that are mutually beneficial for origin and destination
o Remove barriers to internal movement – (Including service provision
restrictions and differentiated entitlements for those not registered in
different areas of the country).
o Mainstream migration into national development strategies – ‘While not a