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POLS 1000 Lecture Notes - Erectile Dysfunction, Montesquieu

Political Science
Course Code
POLS 1000
Martin Breaugh

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Max Weber is a socialist
o Can choose to govern his private life
The fact-value distinction will have extremely important consequences for the practical world
o Will lead to the separation between the social world (the public realm) and that of the private
world (private realm)
In the public realm, science will hold more and more influence and power
In the private realm, the individual will be allowed to pick and choose the values that he or she
o The values and beliefs chosen by each and every one of us may enter into conflict into the
values and beliefs of others but this conflict will be confined to the private realm
o We will try our best to keep these private conflicts do not enter into the public
Beliefs and values must be evacuated from the public realm; must not contaminate the public ream
o Solely private matters
o Because of this, the private realm will be the realm of the value pluralism
o In the private realm, because of value pluralism, there is a potential of a war of gods
Science and reason are seen to be value neutral
o They do not say how to live
o In themselves they have no content; they are methods that allow us to govern in the public
realm, to make decisions
o They are methods that help us get results
o This implies that reason and science will govern the social world
The fact that reason and science govern more and more the social world or public realm is called by
Max Weber, rationalization
o The main characteristic of modern times
o Defined as "the process through which spirituality, tradition, and moral values are replaces by
rational calculation, efficiency, and control."
o When this process of rationalization, where old superstitions are replaces by rationality,
begins in contemporary society, it lead to what Weber calls the disenchantment of a world
o Elements that would normally enchant the world or indicate the presence of something
supernatural, such as God, are evaporated
This disenchanted world is called an iron cage because the iron represents cold and calculating
reason and its a cage because there is no going back
o Once the process of rationalization begins, you cannot stop it or go back
o Once the process of science begins, its irreversible, according Weber
o Human, all too human ( means that in the iron cage, we're stuck with ourselves; the call to
God, in the public realm will do no good.)
o This does not mean that the private realm cant be enchanted
In your inner being you can convince yourself and believe that there are angels or that
things happen for a reason
The merits of this thought is that Weber explains to us the undeniable thought of contemporary
o Our society is founded on separations and here it is the separation of values and facts
o Also the separation of science and life
o Science governs the public realm but will say nothing on how to govern your own life
o Values allows you to choose what you believe and value
Will enter into conflict chose and values made by others
Six fundamental separations
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