PSYC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Preconscious

14 views5 pages
Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
York University
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1010
Professor
Page:
of 5
Oct. 6/10
Psychology Lecture 4
Based on Chapter 12: Personality
Psychoanalytic Approach (Freud)
We are governed by unconscious processes
When you hear the term Psychoanalytical it means it is Freuds original theory
Psychodynamic Theories
When you hear the term Psychodynamic it means it’s not Freud’s original theory but was
derived from his theory and changes around.
Instincts
Freud talked about instincts and believed there are two types of instincts:
o Life Instincts Libido (sexual instincts)
o B) Death Instincts
Structures of Personality
1) ID is the structure that contains the instincts
The only present at birth
Unconscious and has no contact with reality
It seeks self indulgence
Strives for immediate gratification
Based on the PLEASURE PRINCIPLE
The ID can reduce the sexual aggressive tension in two ways:
o 1. Through reflex activity
o 2. Primary process thinking (fantasy)
2) EGO (develops 13 15 months)
Helps the ID retain real satisfaction
Is in contact with reality
Helps the ID get satisfaction in socially acceptable ways
Strives for delay of gratification
Uses secondary-process thinking (real thinking, not fantasy and imagination)
Based on the REALITY PRINCIPLE
Conscious
3) Superego (develops at about 4 years)
Based on the MORAL PRINCIPLE
It contains our ideals and values
Allows for self control
It seeks perfection (moralistic goals take over realistic goals)
Tries to block all gratification
Contains the conscience
Conscious
Preconscious: Mental events can become conscious through attention
Unconscious: Mental events more or less available to consciousness
Stages of Psychosexual Development
Sexual : refers to many urges for physical pleasure
Erozenous zone: zones that need pleasure producing stimulation to reduce tension
1) Oral (develops birth to 15 months)
The first stage of sexual development
Freud believed age 5 our personality has been already set
Erozenous zone mouth (Babies get pleasure from sucking)
Superego
Ego
ID
Preconscious: Mental events can become
conscious through attention
Unconscious: Mental events more or less
available to consciousness
2) Anal Stage (develops around 18 months)
Erozenous zone anus (children get pleasure from elimination and retention of feces)
3) Phallic Stage (develops around 4 years)
Erozenous zone genitals
Oedipal Complex (male)
o What happens in the Phallic stage if you are a male
o Boy is sexually attracted to mom
o There are conflictual feelings (love, hostility) against dad
o Boy feels that Dad will castrate him
o Resolution: Boy represses these conflictual feelings
o Boy no longer resents dad and dad becomes sex-role model
Oct. 20/10
Lecture 4 Continued
Electra Complex (female)
o Realizes they have no penis and feel hostility and hate against their mother due to this.
o Girl blames mom for lack of penis and has conflictual feelings of love and hostility
o The girls repress these conflictual emotions (pushed into the unconscious)
o The girl identifies with mom tries to be just like her
o The mom becomes the sex role model
o Penis envy
Latency Stage (5yrs to puberty)
o There is no erogenous zone in this stage
o There is a little pressure from the ID
o There is a little internal conflict
o Child learns socially acceptable ways of reducing the tension created by the ID
Genital Stage (puberty onward)
o The erogenous zone is the genitals
o Love object is a member of the opposite sex
Fixation
o Believed that when a child reaches a certain age they should move on to psycho sexual
development but the child gets fixed (stuck) on a specific stage and doesn’t move on for
some reason
One being they get so much in one stage so they don’t want to progress to
another stage
The other being that needs are not being met in a stage so they want to
continue in this one stage to try and progress more in it
Regression going back into an earlier stage

Document Summary

When you hear the term psychoanalytical it means it is freud"s original theory. When you hear the term psychodynamic it means it"s not freud"s original theory but was derived from his theory and changes around. Freud talked about instincts and believed there are two types of instincts: life instincts libido (sexual instincts, b) death instincts. Structures of personality: id is the structure that contains the instincts. Unconscious and has no contact with reality. The id can reduce the sexual aggressive tension in two ways: 1. Primary process thinking (fantasy: ego (develops 13 15 months) Helps the id get satisfaction in socially acceptable ways. Uses secondary-process thinking (real thinking, not fantasy and imagination) Based on the reality principle: superego (develops at about 4 years) It seeks perfection (moralistic goals take over realistic goals) Preconscious: mental events can become conscious through attention. Unconscious: mental events more or less available to consciousness. Sexual : refers to many urges for physical pleasure.