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• Personality assessment:
• Theoretical importance: Theories are as good as our ability. The usefulness of any
personality theory would be limited if there were no way of measuring it (one of the
biggest criticisms of Freud).
• Practical importance: They are okay predictors of your skill sets, and jobs. Ex.
Career Cruising and career tests. Knowing people’s personality structure is
important in placing them in a certain workplace setting.
•Personality assessment is a central part of personality research
•In clinical settings (applied settings), psychological tests are used.
•Personality assessment is a huge industry; everyday magazines have
•Psychotherapy = talk therapy; need to conduct a personality assessment to see
if the person is eligible for this therapy. Rigid, hostile, tangential, personalities
are hard to do talk therapy with.
•There is no routine personality assessment
What determines which test you give your patient depends on your theoretical
background; a Freudian will give you Rorschach tests, but not others
• Clinical Interview
• The first step when you see a patient. Composed of asking questions
• You get a sense of their state
• Ervin Silverman study - psychiatric hospital in Florida. He measured the amount of
time that elapsed with the first attending physician. How much time expires before
that physician puts on the chart a tentative diagnoses. He found: 10 minutes was
the time period. • Do psychologists use more subjective tests in routine personality assessments?
Their answers will vary on their theoretical background of the doc. (Variability
among the practitioners and psychologists).
• Personality tests vary according to three dimensions:
Their function: the rorschach tests measures unconscious drives, whereas the
MMPI is designed to identify the presence of mental illness
•Their structure: Rorschach - unstructured tests; MMPI is more structured test.
The sentence completion test.
•How they are constructed: It is customary to make a decision between rational
methods of construction, and logical methods.
• Psychometric / empirical approach: asked people who were already diagnosed - MMPI
• Rational / logical approach: in order to diagnose people - the Rorschach test
• Projective Tests
• The projective hypothesis: Frank, 1939: when were are faced with ambiguity,
•Individuals are driven to impose meaning and structure
•Individual does so in an idiosyncratic matter which reflects important underlying
processes relevant to personality
• Rorschach and Thematic Apperception Tests: the Rorschach measures
associations, and unconscious thoughts
Developed by a Swiss psychiatrist, Hermann Rorschach in 1921
•Top 5 teaching tools in Clinical Psychology
•Rorschach was interested between