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Lecture 1

PSYC 2130 Lecture 1: Chapter 1 Personality

Course Code
PSYC 2130
Frank Marchese

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Chapter 1:
I. Origin: personality is derived from personal meaning mask
a) derived from early Greek and Roman theatre – dierent masks
meant dierent yet consistent personalities – consistent attitude and
behaviours  which gives identities
b) personality means recognizable individual dierences
c) what in%uences these consistencies/dierences? Heredity,
environment or some contribution of the two
d) scienti*c study of personality attempts to predict control and
explain individual dierences
II. Concept of Personality: no universally agreed upon de*nition, yet
there are conceptions of personality
A. Kluckhohn + Murray (1953) – every person is in certain
- like all other people
- like some other people
- like no other people
Self monitoring: being aware of one’s self
- a person with high self monitor means they are able to
adapt to given situations, their personalities %uctuate to meet
- a person with low self monitor shows less personality
%uctuation and remain consistent throughout all given situations
B. Pervin (1989): personality represents these characteristics of
the person that account for consistent patterns of behavior
C. Allport (1961): personality is dynamic organization with the
individual of those psychological systems that determine
characteristics and behavior
III. Analysis of Allports de*nition:
a) personality is dynamic not static (consistently changing)
b) it is organized and structured not an accumulation of traits
c) it is a psychological concept within a physical entity – the
body, mind-body interaction
It is a casual force that in%uences thought and action
De*nition + Theory: 4 functions
a) organize + provide clarity to observations
b) explain cases so that prediction may occur
c) provide understandings of personality
d) generate new ideas and research
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