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Lecture

Jan 10 notes what is cognition? characteristics of a good theory

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3260
Professor
Tony Neild
Semester
Winter

Description
Knowing and cognition is the same thing; recognition and cognition are related. What cognition is about is information processing; you start with sensation (how do you know there’s some kind of event or stimuli that’s worth attending to? You ask yourself if there’s any significance or relevance; if it does have significance we listen to it to see what it means and store it). Once we have it stored, we’re dealing with memory. Information is stored in memory by processing the information is some kind of meaningful way. We can later inspect it, to see what it is and see what to do with it. The information won’t just stay there, we have to process it and organize it. There is a personality characteristic that has to do with the way people interpret the world. Labellers- when receiving new information, treat and label it as something they know. Sharpeners- don’t related from one thing to another, assume all information is new. Every area takes words that are used in the world and uses it to serve its own purposes and gives it a different meaning. Social cognition- why are people doing what they’re doing and what are the implications for me? Meta cognition- is our own understanding of our own cognitive processes. If you give a 4 year old pictures and ask you to remember them and then ask them, a lot of time they invent stuff. When they’re 7-8 they will look at pictures and try rehearsing and remembering it (they know now that if they want to remember they have to do something about it) that’s meta-cognition. Understanding how cognition works and knowing what to do with it. Broadband’s Obscuration- people could not attend to multiple things at one time. This predicted that people couldn’t receive information from two different sources equally. Then someone suggested the cocktail party phenomenon (hearing your name in a party). How can we test the degree into which people can switch back and forth? He co
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