PSYC 3430 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Role Theory, Agreeableness, Extraversion And Introversion
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Most important for test, 50% of the test will be made up of this, then power !•
leadership is dynamic - it involves the leader, followers, and the situation !•
Leadership - an interpersonal, transactional, reciprocal process b/w one person and a group but •
There is inﬂuence !◦
Can’t have ‘leaders’ without ‘followers’ = fellowship (it requires followers to do nothing for ◦
leadership to fail) !
Criterion for eﬀective leadership = goal achievement !◦
There is a task component, leaders help followers get to their goals !‣
***Do not need to know speciﬁc deﬁnitions of leadership just these points ^^^^ ***!
Leaderships Myths !
Leadership is power; FACT!•
Leaders are born; Fact, but leaders can be “made” as well, if you are tall and male you are likely •
to be presumed a leader!
All groups have leaders; FALSE, leaders are no always established, a leader is usually necessary •
when the group is trying to achieve complex tasks!
People resist their leaders; FALSE, people resist leaders who are poor leaders, most groups •
accept their leaders !
Leaders make or break their groups; leadership is inﬂuential !•
The “romance of leadership” exaggerates the impact of a leader !◦
20-45% of outcomes in business is directly related to their leaders!◦
‘Great Man’ Theories - physical and psych traits !•
Belief that people were born with these traits and only the great people possessed !◦
The DNA of leadership - high energy, aggressiveness, dominance, self-reliance !◦
Personal Factors of Leadership !•
Extraversion and conscientiousness are the most inﬂuence personality traits from the BIG ◦
FIVE - for emergence !
Less conscientiousness !‣
Must be an extravert and be able to use it properly !‣
agreeableness is not as inﬂuenctial for leadership emergence, but is for leadership ◦
Intelligence is important - followers want someone is more intelligent then them, but not TOO ◦
Musket - the most important and predictable of the sub scales is perceiving/management of ◦
Leadership style - what a leader does !
Ohio State University - focused on actions/behaviours of leaders !•
Asked people in businesses what do the leaders do day by day, and the leaders !◦
Leader Behaviours Description Questionnaire (LBDQ)!◦
Took 150 statements and broke them down into 9 diﬀerent leadership factors !‣
And they were then broken down into two diﬀerent styles; task & social !•
Initiating structure (task) vs Consideration (social/emotional) !•
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