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PSYC 3630 (13)
Erin Ross (13)
Lecture 8

Lecture 8 - Child Maltreatment

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PSYC 3630
Erin Ross

Lecture 8 1 March 6th, 2012 Child Maltreatment - Child abuse - Child neglect o Child being neglected o Not spent much time speaking of it o Lack of clarify of definition and concept itself o Absence of action to children o Perspective of parents, child-welfare/workers/agency, legal system, researchers, government agency o Different interventions in dealing with child abuse vs child neglect  Treatment for children abused/neglected  Interventions to prevent child neglect/abuse o Failing to provide, absence of what is important for children (health care, supervision, shelter) o Physical, emotional neglect, nonorganic failure to thrive (other forms of neglect) Definition of Neglect - Physical neglect = received most research attention o Slide 5 = neglect typology of physical (No adequate food/shelter/medical care/education/supervision) o Refusal of health care; Delay in health care; Abandonment; Expulsion; Other o Most commonly reported in US - Inadequate supervision = leaving children unattended - Emotional neglect o Inadequate nurturance/affection, chronic/extreme abuse of domestic violence, permit drug/alcohol o Lack and emotional caretaking have affects on later behaviour and adjustment - Educational neglect o Kids who are not sent for education (<16-18) o Chronic truancy = no legit reason for not sending them to school o <1-2: failure to thrive – child is severely unnourished (20-30% below the ideal for the child’s size) o Organic problem = baby’s inability to perform suction action to draw milk from mother o Nonorganic problem = 50% failure to thrive, due to extreme neglect and dysfunctional parenting o 20% grey zone = not extreme, but lack of knowledge, inadequate information on parents o Children brought into the hospital or in foster care from poor parenting circumstances (weight rise) Ontario Child and Family Service Act - Section 37: a child does not include, who is 16+ - Suffered physical harm, failure to adequately care for/provide for/supervise/protect child - Pattern of neglect in caring/providing/supervising/protecting the child Causes of or Risk Factors for Neglect Individual causes - Know little about dads in N America (view childcare as primarily a mother-driven behaviour) - Relative rare to regard fathers to abandonment of children (don’t get investigated) - Characteristics = childishness in parents (isolated, difficulty maintaining relationships, lack basic knowledge on child development, lack of maturity in parenting, verbally unresponsive to children) o Report higher level of stress, alcohol/drug abuse - Interaction between parent and child tend to increase further neglect - Younger children are more prone to injuries than older children - Single parent – more likely to neglect their children Lecture 8 2 March 6th, 2012
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