4. February 5 Lecture 5.doc

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Department
Public Policy and Administration Studies
Course Code
PPAS 2110
Professor
Peter Constantinou

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PPAS 2110 Wednesday February 5, 2014 Test on week 1-5 Nationalism and Regionalism Who or what is a nation? - It is a modern invention - Imagined political community and imagined as both limited and sovereign * - ^ meaning, group of people with similar aspects and thoughts – active aspect - ^ it is imagined -- most of them will not know, basically strangers, and yet you feel some sort of connection, sense of community (part of a community that go beyond the family) - ^ to be limited – matter to Canadians because they define what it is to be Canadian, set the “differences” between Canadians and others - ^ Sovereign – makes us independent - ^ community – regardless of the inequality, nation is still conceived in comradeship * therefore makes us brothers and sisters What is Nationalism? - Nationalism political principle which holds that political and national unity should be congruent - Focus is the modern nation state. Nations needs states; states don’t necessarily need nations - Nations are created by nationalism not the other way around - Is about negotiating between the relationship between Canada and its nation - Some say that Canada has two nations (a nation within a nation – example, Quebec) Nationalism as Memory - National consciousness is (re)produced through official acts of remembrance - ^ an act that makes us attached to Canada – Example of our history, restoration and rededication of Vimy Ridge memorial {battle in the first world war in France, first time that Canada was considered a nation}) - The creation of collective memory or past Nationalism as Forgetting - Not much remembered such as: • Battle of Plains of Abraham (1759) • Expulsion of Acadians (1755-1764) • Rebellion of 1837 • Red River Uprising (1869) • October Crisis (1970) - Essence of nation is that individuals share many things in common, but also they have forgotten many things Image of Canadian Nation - Canada as “white” settler colony – went to great lengths to exclude non-white people - Two (or three) founding nations – English, French, and first nations - Fragments thesis – idea that the powerful owe something to the weak and weak expected to be protected from the powerful - Progressivism and left nationalism (example, Ginger Group and the Waffle) – the Waffle is a group that emerged from the 70s and believed that conservatives were too powerful and this view that Canada needs to be independent and socialism*) - Canada as multicultural nation – got rid of racist laws, and establishes multiculturalism is highly valued in itself (something to be protected) - Civic nationalism – the daily referenda (what kind of Canada we want), on the grounds of civic ideals (institutions, way of doing things, standard of life) Questions re: Canadian Nationalism - Why we need to distinguish Canadians and Non-Canadians – sort of like distinguishing men and women, so we can distinguish our rights from other nations (like right to freedom of speech) - Canadians have relatively few binding national myths, but one of the most pervasive and enduring is conviction that country is doomed – idea that we may fear that we lose our ideals - Is multiculturalism and civic nationalism (means to be dedicated to a common project/interest) complementary? Or is there conflict between them? – idea that we can all be equal even though we are physically different Development of French-Canadian and Quebecois nationalism - Les Patriotes de 1837 – - Ultramontanism (1860s-1950s) – Quebec was more conservative (attached to the church, very anti-sematic) - Quiet Revolution (1960s) – cultural revolt by Quebec against the elite
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