Class Notes (835,430)
Canada (509,186)
York University (35,236)
Social Science (3,019)
SOSC 1185 (65)
Lecture

SOSC 1185 9.0 - LECTURE # 5

5 Pages
99 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Social Science
Course
SOSC 1185
Professor
Lee Wiggins
Semester
Fall

Description
1 SOSC – Lecture # 5 Instructor: L. Wiggins th October 5 , 2011 Gender as socially constructed: Macro level explanations • Focus on broader patterns of human behaviour & thinking, emphasizingsocietal level structural and/or ideological factors (instead of individual level) as the main influences in shaping and determining our social attitudes and behaviours. • Do provide insights into individuals but emphasis is on the “big picture” so social, political, economic & environmental factors & their influence on dominant ideology and/or material organization of society. • Not interested in examining individual development as a facet of individual level factors and aspects. • Gender/gender roles are not seen as the property of the individual or as resulting from individual level development (whether biological, psychological, or social) but as part of a cultural, historical, ideological & structural influences & interactions. Historical Materialism/Conflict theory: - Focus on what people produce & how they produce it, emphasizes material conditions. - Not a theory that demonstrates the explanation of things that works in any time period anywhere in the world - Says that we need to be historically, geographically specific  because things change - The focus is on how and where somethingis produced - Macro-level structural theory: how people are coming together in organization in order to survive  shapingour cultural and structural lives - Creating the dominant ideas Material conditions = the concrete variables or factors that make up a society so the available resources, environment, the means of production or economy, technology & scientific knowledge. - looks at society as a whole & differences within a society due to different relations to mode of production. Initial focus on class as critical to status & power 2 relations (via relations to mode of production). A conflict approach, emphasizes class conflict based on who controls the means of production - These groups in society struggle to keep their positions - OR, they struggle to move up a class - A lot of focus around class  diff. class in society are going to be in conflict/ compete with each other - Higher classes get more privileges, and power - Structural potential for conflict  unequal distribution for power, status - central theorists are Marx and Engels ---- importance of private property, paternity &inheritance in establishingstratified class & sex/gender relations. - Emphasizes problems - Early theorists focused on early economies (subsistent levels) ; trying to meet your basic needs, enough to eat, shelter from elements, findingwater, staying alive - Low level of technology  lower standings, all about survival on a daily basis - Early gathering societies  set up in an environment where there is food - Production, reproduction - Child at a young age are already seen as contributors  dependent - importance of historical changes in material conditions resulting in movement from subsistence to exchange to expansion economy. - Family based economy - development of more stratified societies tied to exchange & later to expansion economies (private property &personal wealth) - emphasizes the importance of dominance of exchange value labour (for wages) over use value. Men = wage labour in the public sphere & women = use value or unwaged labour in the home. - children &women seen as dependents; women function as reserve army of labour when needed. - different work = different ideas and consciousness. So the material conditions (especially the economy) determine dominant ideology at a particular time &place. Since the material conditions change historically & cross-culturally, this explains differences in culture & dominant ideas. - Systematic approach – change in one system will affect the entire system - understands relationship between ideas & material conditions as dynamic, changing & negotiated by individuals. But conditions of life determine which ideas become dominant at a particular time & place. Emphasis placed on the causal role of material conditions. - Women experience workplace discrimination  ra
More Less

Related notes for SOSC 1185

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit