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York University
Social Science
SOSC 1350
Julie Dowsett

(FINISHING) SEXUAL VIOLENCE 5. “Slutwalk” Movement and Other Contemporary Developments a. Rehtaeh Parsons’ suicide (April 2013) • Because of the internet this case played out in a particular way • She was gang raped by 4 boys and something took a picture of her rape and it circulated through text message and Internet and throughout the town. • Parsons – called a slut and her phone number was passed around and got a lot of nasty texts – she was bullied and shunned. • No charges were laid and no official on her small community attempted to do anything about her gang rape • Finally at age 17 she attempted suicide by hanging herself – did not succeed, but onto life support but was taken off of it later on. b. SlutWalk (started 2011 at York) • Toronto police officer was addressing students on the topic of sexual violence and his advice was “not dress like sluts” this lead to a march in Toronto. • Address the notion of victim blaming c. Racism and SlutWalk • Critiqued by a variety of feminists in relation to racism i. Black women believe that it is something much different when a white woman dresses like that ii. Women of colour states to organize a march to reclaim the term “Slut” is a white privilege iii. The way blackness and whiteness is constructed socially, black woman are much more vulnerable to be called slut than white woman. (Race politics) d. Toronto Life article about York s • Suggested that york is located in a “sketchy” neighbourhood • Yorks president had a response • Rapes are not at all limited to york • Sexual violence in quite widespread across many university campuses e. Men and NO MORE • Men’s work on and against sexual violence • Challenging rape jokes and making sexual violence not only a female issue, but also a male issue TRANS MASCULINITIES AND FEMININITIES It is fundamental that individuals have the right to define, and to redefine as their lives unfold, their own gender identities, without regard to chromosomal sex, genitalia, assigned birth sex, or initial gender role. —The International Bill of Gender Rights 1. Trans: A Review and Expansion a. Cisgendered vs. transgendered • Cisgendered • Transgendered b. Trans identities as covering a wide variety of experiences • Discomfort, stress, accessing major health intervention (surgery and psychological) c. Leslie Feinberg • In relation to the contemporary meaning of “transgender” - High influential piece contributed to change around common usage of the term “trans” or “transgendered”  prior to this, the meaning of these words was greatly influenced by someone name Virginia Prince. Prince was an advocate of freedom of gender. - Feinberg is credited for changing our understanding of transgendered a. “ze” instead of “he” or “she” b. Called for a political alliance between all people who are marginalized or oppressed due to their difference of social norms - Movement did take shape - “Trans”  made it into a much more encompassing term - Critiques: race in Feinberg’s piece • As “romancing the trans native”? - Critique: race in Feinberg’s piece - Critiques by Jowle and Mongam - Call attention to how a lot of white people look to none white cultures in kind of think about trans as a concept and colonialist assumptions 2. International Trans Day of Remembrance (November 20th) and Trans Awareness Week a. Former remembers murdered trans people • Give memory to those who were killed due to anti-trans groups • Raise public awareness b. Latter calls attention to issues facing trans/trans* people c. Hate crimes against LGBTQ community and trans people in particular (sections 318 and 319 of Criminal Code) • April 2012 stats Canada released a study of police reported hate crimes from 2010 and earlier • Hate crime: a crime in which hate is the motive and can involve intimidation of someone, harassment, physical violence, threat of physical violence against a person, group or property (church) • In Canada, is a crime to insight hatred relevant section 318 and 319 of the criminal code • 318: criminal act to advocate or promote genocide • 319: publicly in sighting hatred against an identifiable marginalized group o People of colour o Jews, Muslims and the LGBTQ community • This study suggested that al hate crimes in Canada has been decreasing with one IMPORTANT exception o Exception: hate crimes against the LGBTQ community with trans people being targeted particularly • The CC cover LBG and Q part, but doesn’t cover gender identities o Does not prohibit hate crimes against trans people • Hate crimes is usually a Youth Phenomenon, usually 12-25 years of age d. Discrimination that dramatically affects trans peoples’ access to basic necessities • Today trans people still face discrimination o Housing, healthcare, employment and education • 2011: EGALE (Equality for Gays And Lesbians Everywhere) o 78% of trans people feel unsafe at school o 44% skip school because they have feared for their safety o 65% have been verbally harassed o 37% have been physically harassed or assaulted 3. A (Brief) History of Trans Jurisprudence a. Early trans jurisprudence and judicial anxiety about same-sex marriage • Relatively new branch of law • Earliest cases in the common law world concerned people who were married and then underwent some sort of trans related surgeries. All these cases came before the court and they all concern the validity of the trans person in question: (Whether the marriage continued to be valid or not because at that time same sex marriage was illegal). Surgical status. • Corbett v. Corbett (UK, 1970)  Very important case. This decision more than any other case inaugurated trans jurisprudence across the common law world. Decisions affected all common law countries.  Three Important names to know: Arthur Corbett, April Ashley, Corbett and Judge Ormrod  Corbett was a cisgendered man married a post of MTF (male to female), April  April was legally a woman. Corbett and April separated and wanted it to be nullified (stating that their marriage never happened so that he would not have to pay April anything).  Judge stated that although April was legally a woman, this was totally irrelevant  Brought in a lot of medical expert testimony stating that it is impossible to change gender.  Ormrod stated that the law does not need to respect a person’s gender at all. So although April was legally a women, that does not matter a. The judge also determined that chromosomes ar
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