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Week 9 Supporting Lecture Materials.doc
Week 9 Supporting Lecture Materials.doc

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York University
Social Science
SOSC 1510
David Langille

MODR1760D Y13-14 Week 9 Nov 8Supporting Lecture Materials FALLACIES THAT YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ON THE TEST Fallacies Involving the Person • Personal Attack Fallacies o Abusive ad hominem (Critical Thinking, p. 172; Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric, p. 73-74) o Circumstantial ad hominem (Critical Thinking, p. 172-173) o Tu Quoque (Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric, p. 75-76) • Appeal to emotion (Critical Thinking, p. 176-178) o Mob Appeal o Appeal to Pity o Appeal to Fear, Force or Threat • Poisoning the well (Critical Thinking, p. 174-175) Fallacies that undermine the argumentation process • Appeal to ignorance (Critical Thinking, p. 186; Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric, p. 82-83) • Begging the question (Critical Thinking, p. 189-191; Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric, p. 61-62) o General Begging the Question o Question-Begging Epithet o Complex Question or Fallacy of Loaded Presupposition or Fallacy of Loaded Questions NEUTRALIZING A FALLACY 1. Identify the conclusion or main point in a fallacy. (2 Marks) 2. Identify the reason being given for that main point. (2 Marks) 3. Name of the Fallacy. (2 Marks) 4. Identify the criteria for the fallacy. (2 Marks) Step 2 of the process of analyzing fallacies consists of defining the fallacy = explaining the conditions under which the fallacy occurs 5. Show how this particular fallacy fits the criteria. (2 Marks) 6. Challenge the fallacy. (10Marks) o Explain what is wrong with using this pattern of reasoning with reference to any violations of the 3 criteria for a good
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