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SOCI3630- October23.doc

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York University
SOCI 3630
Alireza Asgharzadeh

Sociology of Education October 23 , 2013 Postmodernism, Post colonialism, and Education Postmodernism o A term applied to a wide-range set of developments in contemporary critical theory, philosophy, architecture, art, literature, culture, etc. o Postmodernism has emerged as an area of academic study since the mid 1980s o Seeks to critique the Enlightenment and modernism o Offers a critique of GRAND/META NARRATIVES (Lyotard) o Favors MINI-NARRATIVES o Favors plurality, difference, and multi-narratives o Multiagentivism (Multi-agency) o Offers a critique of totality, universal reason and foundationalism o Rejects notions of Absolute Essences and essentialism o Offers a critique of metaphysics and metaphysical thinking o Offers a critique of border cultures o Offers a new understanding of the Self o Favors the achieving of MULTIPLE AWARNESS Postmodern Education o Education is not value-free; could be bias o Promotes diversity o Emphasizes the importance of self-esteem o The concept of constructivism o Sees modernist thought as Eurocentric and patriarchal o Sees a relationship between all social/political discourses and relations of power/domination o Highlights the importance of working through the differences o Calls for more qualitative, narrative and autobiographical approaches to research o Favors a student-centered classroom Implications for Educational Research o The use of multiple frames of reference and units of analysis o The importance of multidisciplinarity, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinarity o Inaccessibility of language o Poverty of empirical research Postcolonial Studies & Education o Examines interactions between European nations and the societies they colonized particularly in the last century o Deals with impact of colonization on postcolonial history, economy, science, culture, the cultural productions of colonized societies, as well as constructions of gender, sexuality, etc. Sociology of Education October 23 , 2013 o Emphasizes on identity and the processes of changing identity. o Work of Edward Said on “orientalism” and Homi Bhabha on “hybridity” Postcolonial Theory and Knowledge o Post- colonialism is defined in terms of the “historical fact” of European colonialism, and its aftermath… o Production of literature o Issues of representation o The concept of otherness: representation of the other is reduced to a set of dichotomies, good or bad, black or white, etc. o This representation ignores that colonized peoples
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