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Lecture 3

SOSC 1731 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Physical Geography, Cod Fisheries

Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 1731
Lewis Code

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The ter syste of ities', as used here, eopasses all those idividual ura uits –– however
defined –– in a country or large region which are economically linked to one or more other individual
urban units in the same country or large region. More precisely, a system of cities is defined as a
national or regional set of cities which are interdependent in such a way that any significant change in
the economic activities, occupational structure, total income or population of one member city will
directly or indirectly bring about some modification in the economic activities, occupational structure,
total income, or population of one or more other set members
There are 33 urban places defined as metropolitan areas (population of at least 100,000 people or
more), these account for 69%of the Canadian population
Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Ottawa-Gatineau, Calgary, Quebec, Winnipeg, Hamilton, Kitchener-
Model of settlement and urban growth in predominantly pre-industrial economic setting
Vance relied on data that showed types of occupations that were representative of the wholesale
Locations of concentrations of these types of jobs were all in urban places
Keep in mind when reading the model :
1. The physical landscape of the North America continent –– the physical barriers that were to be
overcome by the technology of the day in the spread of settlement across the continent. This
landscape posed both opportunities and acted as a hindrance to the spread of settlement and trade.
The process of exploring and then settling the North American continent was a slow and technology-
dependent one.
2. The technology that was available during the period that is being discussed. The ability to engage in
long-distance trade, exploitation of the natural resources of North America, the spread of settlement,
and the building of a new economy was highly dependent upon the knowledge, innovations and
technology of the day.
Stage 1: Exploration
mother country (Europe) is base for expeditions to explore for new lands like North America
explorers like Jacques Cartier were looking for trade goods that would be of value for EU
main goal was to bring back info on the resources and suitability for new land settlement
Stage 2: Harvesting of Natural Resources
EU begins to exploit the natural resources of the new land ex. Cod fisheries
Small villages and towns were being established
Productive fisheries, resource was extremely plentiful and easy to harvest, but the big problem was
having to harvest and store the fish (refrigeration)
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