Nor shall any state deprive anyone of life, liberty, property without the due process of law. Nor deprive anyone the equal protection of the law. 1868 end of the american civil war. South wanted slavery north = wanted free slaves. Does not actually guarantee anything but says the state can not take the following without due process. Before the following get taken away, you have the opportunity to take it to court for selective processes fairness from the system. Any institution that applies something to someone with a consequence has to go through a due process. People who work in bakeries could not work more than 10 hrs in a day or more than 60 hrs a week. Court agreed struck down the law. Liberty stop the employee from earning more money if he wanted to. Affects the substantive rights for the master + employees to decide their own hours.