DSM-IV Anxiety Disorders
1. Panic Disorder: Repeated panic attacks
2. Specific Phobia: Excessive fear of a specific stimulus
3. Social Phobia: Fear of social performance or scrutiny
4. Obsessive-compulsive Disorder: Intrusive thoughts
5. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Stress reaction to trauma
6. Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Excessive worry
What are the features of Paruresis?
1. What are the defining features?
-disruption of micturition
-in defined public of social settings
-public is idiosyncratically defined
-hearing, seeing, smelling, knowing
-fear others will perceive self as unusual or inadequate
-avoidance: social activities; delaying micturition; restricting fluids
2. What else is associated with paruresis?
-elevated interpersonal/performance anxiety
3. How often, in whom, and for how long?
-cases tend to be male
-course is stable and unremitting
4. Why do cases tend to be male?
-Reason 1: configuration of public toilets
-Reason 2: demography of the workforce outside the home
-Reason 3: acceptance of women working in the home
-Reason 4: ineffectiveness of self-medicating behaviour
What type of disorder is Paruresis?
1. A specific phobia?
2. A non-generalized social phobia?
3. Another type of anxiety disorder?