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Lecture 2

PSY 2213 Lecture 2: Social psychology 1

2 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY-2213
Professor
Andrew Smith

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Social psychology 1/23/17
Hallmark of social psych: less concerned with social situations in objective sense
-ore oered ith people’s iterpretatio/ostrut of soial eiroets
Spotlight effect: people tend to believe their actions are noticed more than they actually are
Pereptio is eerthig… soft of
Strong focus on construal, but also evaluate whether construal differs from reality
-often attempt to debias people
Social psych vs. personality psych
-personality psych explains behavior in ters of people’s traits
-social psychology explains behavior in terms of situational factors
Personality psychologists explain why a certain person might act similarly across most situations
-social psychologists explain why most people behave similarly in a certain situation
Personality does influence behavior but social psychologists focus on the situational influences
How much influence does a situation have?
-demonstrating situational influences
-students played a game and could cooperate with other players or not
-cooperative and competitive people were hand picked
-names of games :community or wall street
-name of the game had a large influence on the players
-persoalit had o ifluee o the gae ad people’s preditios aout ho the stud ould turn out
were wrong
Understand the power of situation
-fudaetal attriutio error: the tede to eplai people’s ehaior i ters of persoalit traits,
underestimating the power of social influence
History of social psych
-construal/subjective reality is not always a focus
-objective was not important
-behaviorism ruled all
*Enter Kurt Lewin: polish Jewish professor working in Germany in the 1930s
-first to examine how people perceive the world- not how it actually is
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Description
Social psychology 1/23/17 Hallmark of social psych: less concerned with social situations in objective sense -more concerned with people’s interpretation/construct of social environments Spotlight effect: people tend to believe their actions are noticed more than they actually are “Perception is everything… soft of” Strong focus on construal, but also evaluate whether construal differs from reality -often attempt to debias people Social psych vs. personality psych -personality psych explains behavior in terms of people’s traits -social psychology explains behavior in terms of situational factors Personality psychologists explain why a certain person might act similarly across most situations -social psychologists explain why most people behave similarly in a certain situation Personality does influence behavior but social psychologists focus on the situational influences How much influence does a situation have? -demonstrating situational influences -students played a game and could cooperate with other players or not -cooperative and competitive people were hand picked -names of games :community or wall street -name of the game had a large influence on the players -personality had no influence on the game and people’s predic
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