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Lecture 3

PSY 2213 Lecture 3: Lecture 3 Social Psych

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Andrew Smith

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Social Cognition • social cognition: how people think about themselves and the social world ◦ tend to focus on how people select, interpret, remember and use social information to make judgements and decisions confirmation bias, look for stuff that represents their views Ted talk Dan Ariely behavior economist (reflection paper) • why study illusions (errors) ◦ studying illusions (mistakes in visual perception) gives inside into how visual processes work ◦ studying biases (mistakes in social perception) gives insight into how cognitive processes work ◦ by understanding when biases occur we can help reduce them studying these errors help figure out how the brain works Take Away points of the ted talk • default bias: with complex/ ambiguous decisions, we often stick with the “default" ◦ when people are trying to figure out what to do on a complex decision such as organ donating, they ultimately go with the default choice participate or don’t participate maybe it isn’t the case that people don’t know what to do, it’s that they don’t care • Asymmetric dominance: with complex/ ambiguous decisions, we look for situations where one options “dominates” another ◦ when you are trying to pick between two things, when you add a third one in there that isn’t good, makes the other options more appealing • small things can have a big influence ◦ things we might not even notice ◦ we are not as in control of our decisions as we might think • Reflection paper posted on Asu Lean tomorrow and due to september 7th Other factors that influence us... • our motivations • Our cognitive systems • Motivated vs. Cognitive Explanations ◦ above-average effects: People report that they are above average on many dimensions on average we think we are better than everyone else • Explanations of above average effects ◦ motivated explanations: self-serving motives idiosyncratic control (eg. intentionally defining “a good teacher” in a way that makes me look good) when ans
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