Com310_ Chapter 6

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COM 310
Laura Guerrero

Revealing and Hiding Ourselves Self-Disclosure and Privacy • Defining Self-Disclosure ◦ Self-disclosure is: communication that reveals something about the self to others ◦ Social Penetration Theory ‣ Self-disclosure is like an onion, where its interior is like superficial, social, & core. The more you get to the core, the more you know the person. • Dimensions of Self-Disclosure ◦ Breadth: range of topics ◦ Depth: intimacy level ◦ Frequency: number of times you get together to talk ◦ Duration: length of interaction ◦ Valence: positive or negative content ◦ Veracity: truthfulness Factors Affecting Whether Disclosure is Related to Liking ◦ Timing of Disclosure ‣ Too much information on a first date is not good ◦ Personalistic versus Indiscriminate Disclosure ◦ The Channel ‣ Face to face ‣ Texting ◦ The Receiver’s Response • Self-Disclosure and Liking ◦ The Disclosure-Liking Hypothesis: ‣ When people self-disclose to one another, they tend to like one another more ◦ The Liking-Disclosure Hypothesis: ‣ When people like someone, they tend to self-disclose to her/him more • Reciprocity of Disclosure ◦ The Dyadic Effect: In the initial stages of relationships, self-disclosure is often reciprocal; when it is not, relationships are less likely to develop. ‣ People will get frustrated and lose interest ◦ Directed versus Nondirected Self-Disclosure ‣ Instagram hash tagging ‣ Snapchat ◦ Delays in Reciprocation ‣ That person responds within five minutes is thinking about you; more than 30 minutes they are doing something else • Online Disclosure ◦ People are most likely to self-disclose on social networking sites if they: ‣ believe that online communication is an essential tool for forming and developing social connections ‣ do not have a preference for online communication over face-to-face communication • Risks Associated with Self-Disclosure ◦ fear of exposure or rejection ◦ fear of retaliation or angry responses ◦ fear of loss of control ◦ fear of losing one’s individuality • Communication Privacy Management Theory ◦ The theory explains how individuals maintain privacy by setting up boundary structures to
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