HIST 1020 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Wrought Iron, Spinning Jenny, Henry Cort

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Industrial Revolution
1/24/17
I. Agriculture Revolution
a. Not complete, even to this day (on-going process)
b. Farming > trade > social organizations
c. Main economic engine
d. Industrial began in Britain
e. Industrialize available workforce (agriculture production)
f. Jethro Tull: seed drill
i. Turn over soil and plant seed
II. Technology Advancement
a. New sources of energy
i. Past: wind, water, animals, and human
ii. New: coal and steam-power
b. Improvements in iron production
i. Previous- charcoal (very intensive)
ii. England has large coal deposits
1. Coal = difficult to make/use (many impurities)
iii. Henry Cort > wrought iron (more energy efficient)
c. Improvements in textiles
i. Spinning jenny one person > flying shuttle faster, coal powered
III. Factors in England
a. Resources
i. Coal deposits/ore deposits
b. Banking
i. England = best banking system
ii. Making money available through loans
c. Constitutional factors
i. Parliament controls king >> real source of power
1. Steer path to industrialization
d. Transportation
i. Canals: man-made rivers connecting bodies of water
ii. Railroads: bring coal to cities to run factories
IV. Spread of industrialization
a. Europe at wars to slow down spread
b. Spreads later to Belgium, France, and Italy
V. Urbanization
a. Environmental consequences
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