HIS 1001 Lecture 10: chapter 10 notes

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21 Nov 2016
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Leading examples, sparta and athens: sparta, highly militarized society, subjugated peoples: helots. Outnumbered spartans 10:1 by 6th c bce: military society developed bc fear of rebellion since they were in the minority, austerity the norm, boys removed from families at age seven. Active military service follows: marriage at a young age but didn"t live with wife until age 30, athens, development of early democracy. Women, slaves excluded: yet contrast athenian style of government with spartan militarism, maritime trade brings increasing prosperity beginning 7th c bce, aristocrats dominate small landholders, increasing socio-economic tensions. Class con ict: solon and athenian democracy a)aristocrat solon mediates crisis. Sicily etc: effects of greek colonization, trade throughout region, communication of ideas. Massive payments to athens fuels periclean expansion. The great,: son of philip ii. Conquers the achaemenid empire: the hellenistic empires, after alexander"s death, competition for empire, divided by generals.

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