HIS 1001 Lecture 11: Chapter 11

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17 Dec 2016
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Establishment of rome: legend of romulus and remus. Gives romans pride- extraordinary thing: rome founded 753 bce, indo-european migrants c 2000 bce, bronze c 1800 bce iron c 900 bce. The etruscans: originally from anatolia (around turkey, colonized roman regions, society declines late 6th c bce. The kingdom of rome: monarchy through 7th-6th c bce. Streets, temples, public buildings: major center of trade routes. At this time the greek city states are also prospering (they trade and interact with each other) Establishment of the republic: 509 bce romans overthrow last etruscan king, roman forum built, republican constitution, executive: 2 consuls, senate. Social con ict: patricians (aristocrats, plebeians (commoners, major class con ict 5th c bce, plebeians allowed to elect tribunes for representation, rights expanded through 3rd c bce, yet 6 month appointments of dictators. Expansion of the republic: dominated estrucans, took over iron industry 5th-4th c bce, expansion via military threat and incentives.

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