APSY 2032 Lecture 12: March 22_Psych of Learning_Perez

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Counseling, Developmental, and Educational Psychology
APSY 2032

Wednesday, March 22, 2017 Motivation Motivation: an internal state or condition (e.g. want, need, desire) that serves to activate/energize behavior and give it direction…involves biological, emotional, social and cognitive forces that drive behavior/action. • Example: motivation to eat o Biological: Physiological (e.g. stomach growling) o Emotional: Negative affect (e.g. stress eating) o Social: Norms (e.g. you’re at a dinner party) o Cognitive (e.g. you consider yourself a healthy eater Motivation & Achievement People are always motivated to achieve certain outcomes or avoid certain situations. So, it’s not a question of whether or not a learner is motivated, but in what way they are motivated! Self-Determination Theory 1 • Humans have 3 basic psychological needs: o Relatedness/Belonging o Competence o Autonomy (i.e. feeling self-determined in our behavior) • When needs are met  increased likelihood of well-being (which is requirement for quality motivation) • Classroom implications? What are some classroom characteristics that would promote students’ well-being & motivation? Two general kinds of motivation… 1) intrinsic (internal) 2) extrinsic (external) Intrinsically motivated  performance of an activity for the inherent satisfaction of the activity itself • Intrinsic motivation (IM) is an internal driving force to seek out challenges, to explore, and to learn  i.e. self-initiated behavior • Beneficial for academic engagement and achievement • Why do we want students to be intrinsically motivated learners? Intrinsically motivated learners are more likely to: • Pursue task on their own initiative • Show greater cognitive engagement • Undertake more challenging aspects of the task • Strive for “true” understanding • Show creativity in performance • Persist in the face of failure Extrinsically motivated  performance of an activity in order to attain some separable outcome • Unlike IM, EM is driven by external forces (e.g. rewards, expectations) = less beneficial/can undermine IM o But, is all extrinsic motivation equally external? ▪ Studying for the GRE because your parents expect you to get into a good grad program versus… ▪ Studying for the GRE beca
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