APSY 2240 Lecture 3: January31_APSY324402_Whitcavitch-Devoy

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Boston College
Counseling, Developmental, and Educational Psychology
APSY 2240
Julia Whitcavitch- Devoy

January 31, 2017 Discussion on Micro Living: ● Advantages and disadvantages ● Market to a wider audience ● Possible extension of college life and prolonging emerging adulthood ● Cheaper alternative for those who don’t want roommates but can’t afford to rent an apartment on their own Chapter 2 Overview Oxidative Stress Model: ● Free radicals are the environmental factors we interact with everyday (chemicals in the air, etc.) ● As we interact with free radicals, our healthy cells repair any oxidative damage, but this lessens as we get older Genetic Limits Theory: ● All of the genes in our body have a fixed amount of replications before they can’t replicate anymore, and as a result, we physically age ○ This is called the Hayflick limit ● Strands at the end of our DNA (telomeres) shorten ○ Toxic and chronic stress also shortens telomeres ○ Parents of children with autism can shorten their life by 10 years because of the amount of stress it causes ○ Length of telomeres is directly related to time spent doing leisurely activities Caloric Restriction: ● Reducing the number of calories without being nutritionally deficient may prolong life span (proven in animals) Physical Changes: ● There are changes in all areas of the body that are not monitored by a single theory/model of development ○ Hormonal, sensory, mental and cognitive, physical, and more changes ■ All the senses weaken (sight, hearing, taste, etc.) Weight: ● Over ⅔ of the adults in the US have a higher than normal BMI ● The number of adults who are obese or extremely obese has increased in the past 4 decades ○ Due to increases in processed foods (which are cheaper than healthier and organic foods), overworking (and doing work where you just sit at a desk), technology (more watching Netflix, on iPads, etc.), stress levels (changes in hormone levels and less sleep) ■ High fructose corn syrup is super cheap, so it is really easy to make large amounts of candy and other sweets, contributing to weight gain across the board Other Physical Changes: ● Wrinkling, greying, hair loss, etc. ○ Combated by Botox, plastic surgery, hair regrowth options, dyeing your hair, exercise, protection from the sun, more sleep ● Eyes become less elastic ○ Harder to see at night, harder to focus, read a menu at a dark restaurant, reading small print, etc. ● Hearing loss ○ Average person has some type of hearing loss at 65 ● Hardening of the arteries ○ Regular exercise helps ● Neurogenesis is possible but slower in the brain as you age ● Immune system weakens ○ Not able to make new antibodies and fight off infections ● Sexual health ○ Drop in testosterone, estrogen, menopause (ovarian failure), decrease in sperm count Chapter 3: Health Mortality and Health: ● Mortality rate is lower for women than men in the US ○ Women tend to go to the doctor more and as mothers are more in touch with their bodies in order to help their children ○ Men are engaged in more risky health behavior ■ smoking , binge drinking, etc. ● Chronic illness is more frequent in older people; acute illness is more frequent in young people Aging and Independence: ● ADL - Activities of daily living ○ If you can manage them, you can live alone ○ Bathing, dressing, eating, walking, using the bathroom ● IADLs - instrumental activities of daily living ○ You cannot live alone without managing your IADLs ○ Taking care of finances, using a computer, managing medications, driving, cooking, etc. ● Decline of disability rates in the last 20 years ○ Advances in technology and medicine ○ People’s attitudes about aging and staying healthy have changed because people want to stay healthy and live longer ○ More educated on how to take care of ourselves and healthier lifestyles ○ Selective abortion? ● Education leads to higher income, higher income leads to better health care and healthier lifestyles Aging and Mental Health: ● Alzheimer's is an incurable disease of the brain ○ Two abnormalities: ■ Senile plaque ● Small, circular deposits of a dense protein, beta-amyloid ■ Neurofibrillary tangles ● Webs of degenerating neurons ● Neural dust: stimulate neurons in the brain to activate non-working parts of the brain, possibly could improve the conditions of people with Alzheimer’s ○ Fourth leading cause of death ○ One of 13 types of dementia ● As you age, there are some potentials to experience mental health disorders ■ Anxiety, depression, etc. ■ Increased in gap between young and middle adulthood, then plateaus and declines ● Increased responsibilities, spouse, children, financial stress, etc.
More Less

Related notes for APSY 2240

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.