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Lecture

Fantasy and Rhetorical Vision

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Department
Communication
Course
COMM 1010
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
Fantasy and Rhetorical Vision November 26, 2013 • Fantasy Theme Criticism was developed by Ernest Bormann  o Interested in group communication o The basis comes Robert Bales and his work on Symbolic Convergence  Theory (SCT)  A broad communicative theory o Bale discovered the “dynamic process of group fantasizing”  Studied small group interactions of people who didn’t know each  other and how they moved from awkwardness to familiar zone  Dramatizing messages • Fantasy o A group’s stories regarding events that they have experienced.  In this context, fantasy does not mean imaginary or pretend, it “is  the creative and imaginative interpretation of events that fulfills a  psychological or rhetorical need”(Braithwaite, p.149)  Some sort of way of understanding the world that helps us live  either mentally or rhetorically o Imagined realities that groups create together o • Content of a Group Fantasy Chain o 1) Characters, real or fictitious  Often you or your friends but could be made up  o 2) A dramatic situation is played out by characters  Something has happened o 3) A setting either in the past or a dream of the future  Always away from the here or now, never in the moment  The way we drift away from our everyday pressures • Fantasy Chain Relationship to Group o The fantasy chain is usually a reflection of something going on in the  group’s real life situation (either together or apart) o “Just as an individual’s repressed problems might surface in dream  fantasies so those of a group might surface in a fantasy chain” (Bormann,  p.397) o a way of breaking the ice/tension in the group o start to see what the group’s imagination together looks like • Key finding by Bale o Zero­history groups use fantasy chains to develop a common culture o They create a view that sustains an attitude toward a given  issue/person/event.  Ex. “stepmonster” • Bormann’s additions o This process doesn’t just happen in small groups.  It happens in larger  setting and in t
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