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Lecture

Thien Dam Philo SPRING Aristotle on the soul paper.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1070
Professor
Marina Denischik
Semester
Spring

Description
Dam 1 Thien Dam PL071 Denischik 2/8/13 Perceiving and Thinking In order to recognize howAristotle explains the difference between perceiving and thinking, one has to understand the process in whichAristotle describes how one goes from perceiving into thinking. Aristotle breaks down the process into three groups: perceiving, practical, and speculative thinking. From then on, he evaluates key moments in the process where human being’s capabilities separate the definition of the words perceiving and thinking. To start off, a person’s senses collect information from the world under the process of perception. This information is then brought into the brain. In this process, the only thing the person is doing is imagining. Imagination is when humans are receiving the minimum amount of information about the receptors. To put this concept in an example, imagine a boy looking at a pair of shoes. When he is looking at the shoe, his senses help him perceive an imagination of a shoe in his mind. That is all the information he has about the shoe. In a passage,Aristotle states that “perception of special objects of sense is always free from error” and it is true because when one is using their senses during perception, the only thing they will receive is whatever their senses give their brain. It is free from error because the brain has not yet put any thought into the senses. Dam 2 With that being said, when a person puts thought into what his or her senses receive, the process goes onto the next step: practical thinking. This is the key moment when our human capability to think gives us a chance to understand what we perceive. In this process, whatever is received by the brain goes into further thinking. From further processing, the human brain has come up with judgments. Judgments are a combination of reason and imagination.Aristotle explains that “discourse of reason as well as sensibility” is how we are able to channel into our thinking. What he means is that in order to think about what one imagines,
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