Class Notes (806,684)
United States (312,145)
Boston College (3,489)
Philosophy (307)
PHIL 4406 (12)
svetelj (12)

Rousseau Study.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

Boston College
PHIL 4406

Rousseau - What is the main idea of Discourse on the Science and Art or First Discourse? (Elaborate Rousseau’s answer on the initial question Whether the Restoration of the Sciences and Arts has contributed to the Purification of Morals). Summarize shortly Part I and Part II of Discourse. What is his position at the end of his Discourse? (some hints: art, science, virtues, education, philosophy, nature as our master) Rousseau lived in the era of Enlightment, where reason was a blind belief in the power of human reason. In general, people were moving away from religion and the light was reason. Furthermore, the Encyclopedia was invented which was an accumulation of knowledge. The peak of Enlightment was the French Revolution. Rousseau was part of the Enlightment at the beginning but started moving away. Dijon: competition. Did our morals become better? There was a common belief that they did. Therefore they did a competition and Rousseau wrote his approach in this paper. He submitted the article, won, and became famous. The question proposed by the academy was whether the restoration of the Sciences andArts has contributed to the purification of morals. He knew that he would be criticized for the position he took for his argument because it would be contradictory to all the men desire. He claimed that even though the sciences and arts have made great progress it does not mean that we are better people. When arts and sciences are flourishing, morality, and virtues are declining. Rousseau is not against science but the problem with it is what we choose to do with it. He is quoted that “it is virtue I defend before virtuous men” because to him, science is not enough. Rousseau says that in order to find the answer he will use his heart “natural light”. Basically, he believed that devoting ourselves to science and art does not mean that we become better people and many did not like his take on the issue. Criticizes Enlightment and takes a step back: we need to find something deeper than that. With science we have made so many discoveries but what is grander and more difficult is to go into ourselves. Preface: people in that time thought that once we develop our science and technology, our lives become better. However, the real question is, do we become happier? Are we happi
More Less

Related notes for PHIL 4406

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.