14. What is the main idea of Discourse on the Science and Art or First Discourse?
(Elaborate Rousseau’s answer on the initial question Whether the Restoration of the
Sciences and Arts has contributed to the Purification of Morals). Summarize shortly Part I
and Part II of Discourse.
In his discourse, Rousseau says that the arts and sciences do not contribute to the refining of
moral practices. His beliefs contrast with the popular beliefs of the time period as people
wanted to believe that the arts and sciences contributed to our moral well being. This is a
critique on the ideas of the Enlightenment thinkers. In the first part of the discourse he talks
about how humans need to go back to our nature using our natural intelligence and human
reason. He believed that humans in their natural state were peaceful, moral, and harmonious
with the world around them. The development of arts and sciences are chains that are keeping
us away from the most important things in life. Nature tells us what is right and wrong; the
arts and sciences are born from our vices.
15. What is