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Lecture 26

POLI 2403 Lecture Notes - Lecture 26: International Non-Governmental Organization, Participatory Democracy, Global Health


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI 2403
Professor
Bretzke
Lecture
26

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Non-State Actors
First NGOs date back to 1674 (educational transboundry society); others say 1800s; others say
Catholic church is first NGO (1648, when they lost the elements of sovereignty that they had
previously)
Main types of Non-state actors
MNCs
Terrorist groups
Transnational Advocacy Networks (TANs)
oUsually composed of different INGOs
oAnalogous to regimes because they link INGOs together
INGOs
oFor Schulz, everything on this list except MNCs are types of INGOs
Religious Organizations (I.e. the Vatican)
Epistemic communities
oUsually function through foundations and think tanks
Foundations/ Think tanks
oUsually are INGOs
Schulz's Three Categories of Non-State Actors (still some overlap here)
MNCs
oHave huge impact on world trade
oHave a tendency in IO processes to function through NGOs called BINGOs- business and
industry NGOs
Dark organizations (terrorist groups, etc.)
INGOs
NGOs: non-profit, volunteer groups that have international impacts but are not formally controlled by
states
Class of NGOs that are entirely dependent on state funding and were created to further state
interests- NGOs can be state controlled, either explicitly or implicitly
NGOs can be contractors for states- can fulfill state functions, typically when a state has been
unable to provide those functions or because they are subcontracted by the state to provide
services
Often oriented towards public good; most often around a single issue (issue specific)
There are many NGOs (around 2200), but a small list of the ones that are actually influential at
the int'l level (between 100-500)
Largest INGO: BRAC
oLargest and notable because it is a developing country based NGO, which is rare for the
large NGOs
oBangladesh Rural Advancement Committee
oCreated to provide services that the government of Bangladesh wasn't able to, in the
1970s; focus on healthcare and education
o$4.6 billion investment portfolio
oExpanded from Bangladesh into sub-Saharan Africa and Afghanistan
oPrimary source of healthcare for majority of Bangladesh; main source of education for
majority of students
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