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Lecture 5

Lecture 5.docx

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THEO 1002
Martha Marie Morrison

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1/28/14 Lecture 5 • Alexander defeats Darius III o The Alexander Mosaic dates from the House of the Faun in Pompeii • Ancient near eastern world, with its long traditions of cultural interactions and development, were brought into contact with the Greek world o Alexander brought with him Greek culture and civilization everywhere he went • Alexander liked to style himself as Hercules o Lion helmet, staff/club  Profile, but is more unique, looks realistic • Effort at moving away from ideal, stylized forms of earlier times to real representations of what the artist thought – Hellenistic Era • Alexander Sarcophagus – a well-to-do owner had carved into his sarcophagus the story of Alexander and battle against the Persians o Shows the energy of Hellenistic Art  Figures, instead of being in a pose or presented in an ideal way, now are in motion • Artists have figured out how figures move, bear their weight, how they look during dynamic action • Deep relief of sculptures – coming OUT of the stone • Use of pathos • Laocoon and His Sons o Marble – (200-25) BC o Museo PIo-Clementino, Octagon, Laocoon Hall, Vatican Museums o “The prototypical icon of human agony” o Story of the priest Laocoon from the Trojan War  Strangled by snakes for bringing Trojan horse • Sees his two children involved in the same situation o We are supposed to be horrified by this terrible event and human suffering while at the same time lament the fact that there is no saving him  First commentary on the human condition • Hellenistic Kingdoms • Tanagra Figurines o Made of clay, modeled by a sculpture o Not monumental public works – just found in peoples’ houses if they could afford them o Produced in large numbers all over the world o Figurines are all different  Explore different kinds of people, people in different status • Hellenistic Sculture o Sees reality and physical condition of people in different ages  Babies, elderly  Interest on part of the author on stages of human life • Reconstruction of Victory monument with Gauls – at Pergamon o 220 BC  From a victory monument set up at Pergamon by Attalos • Dying Gaul o Noble death with honor and dignity • We are seeing interests in the diversity of human life and emotional impacts/circumstances and how they are physically portrayed o How does artist get viewers engaged in this?  Pathos and sympathy involved Mystery Religions • They are the secret religious cults of the Greco-Roman period o Begin earlier than the Hellenistic world, spread rapidly during the Hellenistic Era, spread into roman world to become competitors with Christianity • Come from Greece, Egypt, Persia, Syria, and Anatolia (Turkey) • Originate in ancient tribal/fertility religions • Different kinds of concerns with common features • People DECIDE to join religion and have to go through an initiation o Needed to be vetted, examined, and go through a period of initiation supervised people who already belonged  Could be simple or take a long time depending on the religion • Religi
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