PSYC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Classical Conditioning, Learning, Contiguity

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22 Sep 2016
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9/22/16
Learning
Relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience or practice
Reflex- an unlearned, involuntary response
Associative learning- learning that occurs when an animal makes a connection between two events
Conditioning
Observational learning- learning that occurs through observing and intimidating others behaviors
Pavlov’s Experiment
Ivan Pavlov—Classical conditioning
Neutral Stimulus- Stimulus that has no effect on the desired response
Unconditioned stimulus(US)- naturally occurring (not learned) stimulus that
normally leads to the response
Unconditioned Response (UR)- reflex response to the unconditioned stimulus.
(automatic elicited-unlearned)
Conditioned Stimulus (CS)- previously neutral stimulus that becomes able to
produce the CR
Conditioned Response (CR)-the response given to the CS
Unconditioned= normal biological response
Conditioned= learned response not a normal reaction without training
Acquisition- the initial learning of the connection between the US and CS
Contingency- The CS must come before the USC and The neutral stimulus must
be paired with UCS multiple times
Contiguity- CS and UCS must occur close together in time
CS has to be distinctive
Sign Tracking- approaching or interacting with the CS as if it were rewarding in its own right
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