● Torah is considered the laws for the jewish people.
○ The stories are there for guidance, but they are not very important.
● Christians see the laws as being not valid.
○ They believe in the death and subsequent rising of Christ.
○ They take the stories to be literal.
● The law commands you.
● The story of creation
○ There was no opposition or background into where God came from.
○ Genesis does not mention heaven and hell.
○ It only tells you the things you need to know.
● Garden of Eden
○ Shows human deviance from God’s original view.
○ Eve is driven away because of her curiosity.
■ Curiosity came from the devil.
○ Humankind receives many losses.
■ Tensions between genders.
■ Giving birth pains
■ Hard to grow food out of the ground.
● Cities were the source of evil.
○ Cain founded the first city.
○ God smited the tower of Babel in Babalon.
● Migrants are seen in a better view, by them living off of the divine hand.
○ Goat and sheep herders.
○ They end up in Egypt, and they later become enslaved.
● Moses is given divine intervention, so that he can go against the Egyptian pharohs.
○ They travel in the desert to the promised land for 40 years, and God gives them
their rules and revelations.
● The israelites break into 12 clans.
○ They become divided over a leader, some wanted a king.
○ Kingdoms are formed, and eventually they all decline.
● The judeans went to Babylon.
○ From there they wrote books, while they were in exile.
■ The result of the bible showed how they ignored the laws given to them by
God, and how their society declined.
● The creation shows that Earth is a good place.
○ There are only faint echoes of mythology in the context.
● The elements on Earth lose their divinity.
○ This is a hard concept for other groups to accept.
● The focus of the bible shows that there is a divine being, but humans have the option
whether or not to obey to his teachings.
○ There are no tragedy stories of the limits of human beings.
■ Except times when God fails to intervene.
● There is a constant stream of human disobedience and divine punishment.
● The earlier generations are always listed as being more religious.
● Human life is very fragile, and it is never secure. ● Yhwh is the english version of the named God in the hebrew bible.
○ He speaks to the prophets, so that his words will be conveyed to other humans.
● Elohem, another named version of God, creates the world.
○ There are named differently in different parts of the bible.
● Yhwh become the law giver to the humans.
○ He focused mainly on the Israelite community.
● The biblical God was very political.
○ He engaged only with a particular people.
○ He gave laws and a specific piece of land for the israelite people to live in.
● He had a huge desire to persuade the group to follow his laws.
○ He felt that the success of the human race could only be attained by lving by the
commandments he gave.
○ He felt that the laws were a good thing, making it possible for life on Earth.
○ He felt that the law and creation were the same thing, and they were both good.
● The majority of the stories are based upon the grounds of persuasion.
○ God ultimately helped humans out, and he forgave them with his mercy because
he deeply cares.
○ God is loyal and he maintained a covenant with humans even when they broke it.
○ You can be sure of God’s trust if you follow the laws, but it’s the human’s fault if
● The torah