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Min Ye (14)

IR Brief-Chinese Navy.docx

3 Pages

International Relations
Course Code
CAS IR 365
Min Ye

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Chinese Naval Exansion 1995-Present Long Term Plan: • Develop a blue water navy o Maritime force capable of operating across deep waters o Assert/defend China’s claims in maritime territorial disputes o Protect China’s sea lines of communication to the Persian Gulf (relies on for energy imports) o Assert status as major world power Limitations/Weaknesses • Capabilities for sustained operations by larger formations in distant waters, joint operations with other parts of China’s military • Anti-air warfare (AAW) • Antisubmarine warfare (ASW) • Dependence on foreign suppliers for certain key ship components Continuation of Naval Expansion • China does not intend to return to minor power status • Changing naval status: from coastal defense to far sea defense; expansion of economic interests the navy wants to protect transportation routes and safety of major sea lines • 1/3 of the national budget; $105-150 billion, compared to US $548 billion • Showing off deployments and exercises on South China Sea around Japan Fleets • North Sea Fleet o Historical primacy because its role is coastal defense of northeast china (Beijing) against amphibious attacks by Russia o Patrols Bohai Bay and Yellow Sea o Flagship: DDG Harbing (multi-role guided missile destroyer) • East Sea Fleet o Numerous battles against Taiwanese military; Key role in any invasion of Taiwan, mission: effectively support a PLAamphibious operation o Patrols East China Sea • South Sea Fleet o Patrols South China Sea o Slow development because shipbuilding industry is predominantly in the northern/eastern coasts o Build-up because of conflict: in Paracel Islands (took from South Vietnam) and resulted in sinking South Vietnamese frigate o Includes: Platform Highlights • Commissioning first aircraft carrier, Liaoning • Purchased from Ukraine (former Soviet carrier) o STOBAR—short takeoff but arrested recovery carrier; uncatapulted, rolling takeoff assisted by ski jump with a traditional arrested recovery system that permits landing of fighter aircraft in short deck space; require arrestor wires to land on the ship, do not use a capapult like most carriers
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