January 30, 2014
Production… and the art of producing!
1. Production Personnel
i. Responsible for everything. Pre, pro, and post.
i. Directs talent and technical operations. Responsible for translating the
producer’s ideas into an effective message.
ii. Directs the technical crew.
c. Technical Director
i. Operates the video switcher during production.
ii. Manages the technical crew.
d. Assistant Director
i. Assists the director during the production. Times the show in a studio
e. Graphics Operator
i. Uses CG machine to call up premade graphics. Also responsible for
graphics creation when no art department is available.
f. Audio Director
i. Responsible for any and all things audio. Runs cables, sets up
microphones, and operates the audio console during production.
i. Operates the recording/playback system.
h. Camera Operator
i. Operates camera during the production.
i. Floor Director
i. Manages the studio floor. Coordinates talent and crew, serve as Director’s
mouth and ears during production.
i. People who appear on camera.
2. Types of Production
a. Studio Production
i. Typically a multi-camera system (uses more than one camera)
ii. Used for live, or live-to-tape productions
iii. Utilizes a control room
b. Field Production
i. Anything outside of a studio environment (aka “on location”)
ii. ENG- Electronic News Gathering
1. Pre, pro, posted on the go
2. Usually 1 camera/tripod/mic
3. Edited in the field, maybe FTP (final transfer protocol) or live
iii. EFP- Electronic Field Production
1. Pre-produced in advance, intended for postproduction
2. 1 or more cameras/mics
3. May be live-to-tape events or multi-scene/multi-take productions 3. Video Equipment
a. Field Cameras
i. On-camera mics and control
ii. Most professional cameras have swappable lenses
iii. Record to some type of media (SD, HDD, tape, etc.)
iv. Mounted on tripod for stability
b. Studio Cameras
i. No on-camera mics
ii. Controlled by a Camera Control Unit (CCU)
iii. Recorded to an external device
iv. Mounted on pedestals for mobilityAND stability
v. Usually have a teleprompter mounted to the front
a. Equally as important as video!- DON’T NEGLECT IT!
b. Field and studio audio follow the same principals
i. Mics collect the sound
ii. Mixed (adjusted) with some kind of controlling device
iii. Monitored during production
iv. Monitored DURING production
v. MONITORED DURING PRODUCTION!!!
5. Audio Equipment
i. Lavalieres (lav mics), shotgun/boom, handheld, etc.
b. Audio Mixers (field production)
i. Limited number of inputs
ii. Usually use dials for control
c. Audio Consoles (studio production)
i. Large number of inputs
ii. Uses sliders and dials for controls
d. VU Meters
a. Two types of lighting
i. Directional (highly focused light, hard shadows)
ii. Diffused (soft and even, soft shadows)
1. TV shows and Newscasts use a lot of diffused light so they don’t
have to worry about working with and editing shadows.
b. All lights require a power source
i. Studios have lighting grids suspended from the ceiling
ii. EFP/ENG uses extension cords, some batte