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Lecture 10

PSY 340 Lecture 10: Personality Processes

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Central Michigan University
PSY 340
Abigail Feder

Personality Processes • Included perception, thought, motivation and emotion • Understanding these will helps us understand a personals personality Perception • People are predisposed to perceive the world in different ways o Priming and chronic accessibility ▪ Priming: concepts that have been activated recently come to mind quickly, even without little stimulus • Shyness example o Might be thinking about giving a speech and being worried. They are more likely to notice when people have a negative reaction/look while giving that speech • Hypervigilance for danger example o More likely to see a stimulus as dangerous in some way ▪ Chronic accessibility: consistent activation of concepts due to constant priming and repriming o May come from evolution, temperament or experience Thought: Two Ways of Thinking • Dual-process models o Contrast the roles of conscious and unconscious thought o Conscious thought is slower o Freud theory: rational and irrational thought o Strack and Deutsch’s theory: reflective and impulsive determinants of bx ▪ Reflective determinants: slow and largely rational ▪ Impulsive determinants: fast, almost, and sometimes irrational • Cognitive-experiential self theory (CEST) o Seeks to explain unconscious processing and the seemingly irrational, emotion- driven sectors of the mind o Rational system ▪ Evolutionary recent innovation ▪ Includes language, logic, and systemized, factual knowledge o Experiential system ▪ Evolutionary older, assumed to be how other animals think ▪ Tied closely to emotion o Different systems may generate different decisions o The systems interact Motivation • Motivation: What do you want? How will you get it? • Goals and strategies o Goals drive bx by influencing what you attend to, think about, and do • People do not always behave consistently with tier stated goals • Idiographic versus nomothetic goals • Idiographic goals: those that are unique to the individuals who pursue them o Held consciously at least some of the time o Describe thoughts and bxs aimed at fairly specific outcomes o Individuals various goals may not be related to other goals • Nomothetic goals: relatively small number of essential motivations that almost everyone pursues o Three primary motivations ▪ Needs for achievement, affiliation, power o Emmon’s five: ▪ Enjoyment, self-assertion, esteem, interpersonal success, avoidance of negative affect o Two: ▪ Work and social interaction • Strategies and Traits o Traits can produce generalized scripts (i.e., typical ways of behaving) ▪ Agreeableness • Warm, f
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