PSY 1012 Lecture 17: StudyGuide-Chp7

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27 Apr 2016
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Chapter 7 Study Guide.
1. Learning is defined as:
a. A relatively permanent change in behavior that results from experience
2. Which of the following involves learning?
a. Obtaining a college degree, Sweeping the floor, Feeding the cat, All of the above
3. Which of the following does NOT involve learning?
a. Fixing your car, Riding the bus, Finding out what time it is, None of the above
4. The phenomenon of learning shuts down when:
a. You are sleeping, Your are daydreaming, Your are hypnotized, A-C are correct, None of
the above
5. The name when repeated exposures to a stimulus influence the subject’s responsiveness to it:
a. Nonassociative learning
6. An example of nonassociative learning is:
a. Habituation
7. An example of habituation would be:
a. You stop noticing the traffic noise outside your apartment window
8. An example of habituation would be:
a. After eating spaghetti each night for two weeks it does not taste as good as it used to
taste
9. The discovery of conditioning took place in two separate locations in
a. 1898
10. In which cities were conditioning discovered?
a. St. Petersburg & New York
11. Classical conditioning is also called:
a. Pavlovian conditioning
12. Classic conditioning involves pairing a:
a. CS with a US
13. There is no ____ in a classical conditioning paradigm according to Pavlov
a. Response requirement
14. A stimulus that elicits an automatic response without prior learning is called
a. Unconditioned stimulus
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15. A stimulus that elicits an automatic response with prior learning is called:
a. Conditioned stimulus
16. An innate reflexive response is called:
a. Unconditioned response
17. A learned reflexive response is called:
a. Conditioned response
18. The initial learning of the conditioned response is called:
a. Acquisition
19. The process when the CS and US occur at the same time.
a. Simultaneous conditioning
20. The process when the CS precedes the US with no gap between them.
a. Delay conditioning
21. The process when the US precedes the CS.
a. Backward conditioning
22. The process when there is a gap between the CS offset and the US onset.
a. Trace conditioning
23. Who extended Pavlov’s work to motor responses and established the basis for avoidance
learning?
a. Bechterev
24. Conditioning that occurs when a CS is paired with an unpleasant US and it causes the subject
to try and stay away from the CS is called:
a. Avoidance learning
25. A biological restriction on how an organism can learn.
a. Biological preparedness
26. An emotional response caused by the pairing of a CS and US.
a. CER
27. A strong set of responses which keeps a person away from a particular stimulus. This set of
fearful responses is usually termed “irrational.”
a. Phobia
28. Which of the following answers refers to a process to eliminate responding?
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a. Extinction
29. Acquisition is to building up as ____ is to tearing down.
a. Extinction
30. A biologically based disinclination to associate two stimuli together is called:
a. Contrapreparedness
31. Which of the following answers refers to Bregman’s inability to associate fear conditioning in a
child while associating inanimate objects with noise?
a. Contrapreparedness
32.Once a response has been eliminated through the process of only exposing it to CS
presentations, the response may return and again fade away.
a. Spontaneous recovery
33. This process occurs because not all the stimuli that control a response have been extinguished.
a. Spontaneous recovery
34. If all the vending machines you use take dollar bills you assume that all vending machines
elsewhere also take dollar bills.
a. Generalization
35. After spending the afternoon with your grandparents and their friends, you are pretty sure what
old people are like.
a. Generalization
36. If you find that are bagels at Einstein’s but only pastries at Starbucks, you have shown:
a. Discrimination
37. Learning that all you professors are not bearded men with elbow patches on their sport coats.
a. Discrimination
38. Which of the following is NOT part of the process of learning to be afraid?
a. The CS is paired with fear
39. Which of the following is NOT part of the process of learning to be afraid?
a. Extinction has not occurred
40. Which of the following is NOT part of the process of learning to be afraid?
a. Only one part of the brain contributes to the fear
41. Classical conditioning has been applied to:
a. Phobia therapies Drug treatments, Animal training, Education, All of the above
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