THE-2000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Livius Andronicus, Tragic Hero, Ludi Romani

36 views13 pages
25 Aug 2016
School
Department
Course
THE2000- Module 2
Lectures:
1.Theate of the World: Greek & Roman Lecture Theatre Lecture
Questions:
oWhat conditions did theatre emerge from?
oWhat was theatres function in ancient Greece?
oWhat forms did theatre take in ancient Greece?
oWhat happened when the romans arrived?
Question 1: what conditions did theatre emerge from
o534 BCE-146 BCE (before common era)
oMore than 400 years, more than 2500 years ago
oLittle pieces of historical artifacts and analyzing info from
oArtifacts:
Physical items we dug up and get evidence from
Vases, pottery, statues
oRuins:
Physical structures and buildings
Give sense of what people did and what those individuals meant to them
oPrimary source
Someone saw/experienced something and wrote it down
Issue: reliability can be somewhat in question
Can be taken out of context
Exaggerated or metaphor
Mistranslated
oPlay texts
37 extent complete plays from ancient Greece
Have small selection from complete collection and set
Not sure why these 37 survived but might be cause they were important
oCultural context
Polytheism
More than one god that existed
All in control for diff things
Dionysus: god of theatre, sex, orgies
oDone in festivals in honor of her
Patriarchal
Men lead, thinkers of society
Attended theater on their own
Competition
Olympics
Physically fit individuals
Theatre competitions
Beauty and harmony
Idealized symmetry
Humanism
Stresses value and potential of humans
Idealizes the human body especially male
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 13 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Naked male body
Measure
Tension between humans and their own fates
Who has control over fate? Men or gods
Agon
Debate
Plays dramatize multiple sides of issues
Love of democracy
Protagonist and antagonist
oPolitics
Athens
Famous as cultural stronghold
Famous for arts, thinkers, science, math, and theatre
Thoughtful creative outlets
Sparta
Famous for physical prowess
Great soldiers and athletes
Two city states at odds in plays
Question 2: theatres function in ancient Greece
oGigantic theatres
Large outdoor theatres
Ampitheatres
10-15,000
Theatre Dionysus is the largest
Theatre at Epidaurus: best reserved
Made out of stone
Built on hillside and raked audience
oAudiences
Very large
Audience decorum
Sun came up- theatre started
Had to pop in and out to eat and use restroom
Definitely men (citizens)
Maybe women and slaves
Only know exists because someone watching a play wrote that the women in
the audience actually miscarried because they were so scared of the play
oAthens: theatre close to acropolis
Acropolis: center of politics and religion
Putting theatre just below that proves that theater was an important part of that
oOrchestra
“Dancing place”
Stage of ancient Greece
otheatron
“Viewing place”
Where audience would sit
oparados
Passageways
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 13 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Along theatron sides
Entrances and exits
oskene
“Tent”
Buildings on the far edge
Costume house, scenery, dramatic reveal, spectacle
oCity Dionysia
Festival in honor of Dionysus
Place where theatre really began
534 BCE
thespis: very first actor. Stepped out of chorus. Won an award for acting
Parian marble
534 BCE: birth of western theatre
Dedicated to fertility and spring time and idea of being reborn
First 3 days: parades, sacrifices, purifications
Last 4 days: tragedies and satyr
Each day a playwright would write a play for the day
Satyrs would be lighter and funnier
Day 7: comedies
Much funnier and bodier
4-6 comic playwrights
oLenaia
Dedicated to comedy
Festival
Question 3: what form did theatre take in classic ancient Greece
oAeschylus: first of tragic playwrights
Most respected
Added a second actor
Allowed dialogue to happen and have conversations with someone
Famous for Oresteia (trilogy)
Agamemnon, the libation bearers, and eumenides
Had a big bald head and wondering around
Something dropped from the sky and killed him
Bird dropped turtle to crack it open thinking his head was a rock
oSophocles
Still survives
Work done frequently
Oedipus plays
Added the third actor
Did some acting but voice wasn’t strong enough
Oedipus rex is basis for aristotle’s poetics
oEuripedees
Not terribly popular
The bad boy of the ancient greek tragidiens
Canibulism, orgies or stage
More daring and risqué content
Gets a lot of press today more popular
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 13 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class