HIST 1400 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Print Culture, Imagined Communities, Simple Verses

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Published on 14 Jun 2017
Fordham University
HIST 1400
Race, Nation & Anti-Colonialism
Original version attributed to Joseito Fernandez(1929)
José Martí’s poem “Versos Sencillos” (1891) used as lyrics
A regional” song expressing Cuban pride
José Martí “our America” (1891) and “Racelessness”
Historical Context: Leading up to final Cuban War of Independence
Call for Latin American pride in its own heritage
Address both Cuban independence and greater Latin American unity
Compare “Racelessnes” with Ricardo Batrell, author of Black Soldiers
Story - Joined War of Independence in 1896
Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities: Reflections on the
Origins and Spread of Nationalism (1983)
Idea of “Nation” as historical construct
-Invented in the late 18th century, yet appear ancient
Nations = imagined political communities
Latin America: Creoles develop ideas of “nation” before most of Europe
Problems of his theory:
-Narrow focus on print culture, i.e. newspapers (only available to
-Nationhood still incipient in early 19th century.
Race & Nation
National identities & Nationalism emerge in historically specific contexts
National Identities are constructed in racial & gendered terms
Definitions of race are shaped by processes of nation-building
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Document Summary

Jos mart "s poem versos sencillos (1891) used as lyrics. Story - joined war of independence in 1896. Origins and spread of nationalism (1983: idea of nation as historical construct. Invented in the late 18th century, yet appear ancient: nations = imagined political communities, latin america: creoles develop ideas of nation before most of europe, problems of his theory: Narrow focus on print culture, i. e. newspapers (only available to elite) Nationhood still incipient in early 19th century. Race & nation: national identities & nationalism emerge in historically speci c contexts, national identities are constructed in racial & gendered terms, de nitions of race are shaped by processes of nation-building. Elite visions of race & nation: the liberal idea of citizen: Embrace colonial hierarchies, including those of caste, over citizenship. De ned by social status, honor, religion, occupation, etc. Mutable; not xed: scienti c racism (1860s 1930s) Apparent human difference to attributed to biological or natural inadequacy.

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