PSYC 1001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Dissociative Identity Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Prefrontal Cortex

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8 Feb 2017

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Samuel Mohebban General Psychology Week 13 Notes
Dissociative Disorders
o Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder)
Marked by apparent appearance within one person of two or more
distinct personalities, each with its own name and traits
Originates in childhood as a coping method of severe trauma
One personality deals with abuse, the other deals with everyday activities
The emergence of two or more distinct personalities each with its
own name and personal traits
Possible Causes:
One side argues: coping method to deal with severe childhood
Other side claims: the result of clinicians leading patients to
believe they have it
Mood Disorders
o Major Depression
More common in women
Disturbances in
Emotion (excessive sadness)
Behavior (no interest in activities)
Cognition (thoughts of hopelessness)
Body Function (Fatigue, appetite loss)
Physical changes
Difficulty concentrating
Experiencing of pain or headaches
Thoughts of suicide
A lot of effort to get out of bed and get dressed
Exaggerate small failures and discount positive events
Anything that going wrong makes them feel everything in the
future will fail
o Theories of Depression (cognitive habits)
Problems with close attachments
Results from separation and loses
o Might work the opposite way: relationships end because
on person is depressed
History of insecure attachments
Biological Factors
Genetic inheritance
o Low serotonin and/or norepinephrine levels
o Genes create chemical imbalances a deficiency of
neurotransmitters (antidepressants raise these levels)
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