PSY 034 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Hawthorne Effect, Industrial Revolution, Systems Theory

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27 Jul 2016
Course
Professor
Lecture 14 – Organizations and Organizational Culture
Organizations
Studies are relatively new
Organizations are abstract entities yet they are real and in fact can be considered “alive.”
Organizations are designed or create to perform work
Organizations have both structural and social components
The need to change is particularly acute at the organizational level
Organization: a coordinated group of people who perform tasks to produce good or
services, colloquially referred to as companies
Organizations are collectivities of parts that cannot accomplish their goals as effectively if they
operate separately
Easier to define what they are formed than what they really are
Classical Theory
A theory developed in the early 20th century that described the form structure of organizations
– when industrial revolution was happening, 1st theory
Addresses how the organization should best be structured to accomplish its objectives
There are four basic components to any organization
A system of differentiated activities activities that are similar are grouped into one thing,
and the company is formed by those groups (the marketing dpt, accounting, hr…)
People – different people duh
Cooperation toward a goal – coordination towards one common goal
Authority – someone has to have the authority to lead this shit
Functional Principle
It is the concept that organizations should be divided into units that perform similar functions
It is the concept behind division of labor
Allows for the grouping work functions into such units as production, sales, engineering,
finance, and so on
It relates to the horizontal growth of the organization and the formation of new functional units
along the horizontal dimension
Scalar Principle
The concept that organizations are structured by a chain of command that grows with
increasing level of authority
It deals with the organization’s vertical growth
Each level has its own degree of authority and responsibility for meeting organization goals,
with higher levels having more responsibility
Line/Staff Principle
Line functions have the primary responsibility for meeting the major goals of the organization
Production department in a manufacturing organization
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