PSY 197 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Psy, Conscientiousness, Personality Test

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31 May 2017
Course
Professor
PSY 197 – Lecture 12
Individual Differences
Individual Differences as Predictors
Cognitive ability
Work orientation
Personality
Affective Disposition
Why care?
Adults have a variety of attributes and the levels of these attributes are relatively stable over
a reasonable time period
People differ with respect to these attributes and these differences are associated with job
success
The relative differences between people on these attributes remain even after training, job
experience, or some other intervention
Different jobs require different attributes
These attributes can be measured
Predictor and Criterion
Individual differences can be used to predict work behaviors
Predictors: used to predict future behaviors/performance
Knowledge
Skills
Abilities
Traits
Experiences
Done by tests
Criterions: expected consequences that can be predicted
Task performance
OCBs
CWBs
Creativity
Engagement
Satisfaction
Identify the “predictors”
Job analysis: a purposeful, systematic process for collecting information on the important
work-related aspects of a job
Task-oriented: collect info on:
Work activities
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