HIS 102 Section 001
Outline of Last Lecture
I. Precondition of the Reformation
a. Economic Issues
b. Spiritual Issues
II. Martin Luther
a. 95 Theses
III. Resulting Conflicts
IV. John Calvin
V. The Council of Trent
VI. Societal Changes
Outline of Current Lecture
I. Pre-existing Conditions
b. The Netherlands
II. Thirty Years War
a. Impact on the People
b. Peace of Westphalia
c. Effects of the War
o The radical new idea that individuals might follow their own consciences in
matters of religion struck at the very foundation of European politics and social
o Hostilities involved religion but had significant economic, political, and social
dimensions as well.
o French Wars of Religion (1562-1598)
o 1550 the spread of Calvinism scared the French kings.
o Kings: Francis I and Henry II
These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best
used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute. Had a strong Catholic rule.
o Queen Catherine Medici takes over rule after death of Henry II (1559).
o Religious war breaks out 1562.
Catholics vs French Calvinists (Huguenots)
o Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre (Aug 1572)
King orders death of protestant leadership.
Women and children not spared.
Lasted 6 days.
o Civil war continued until King Henry III was assassinated (1589) with no heir to fill
o Henry IV issues Edict of Nantes which promoted religious toleration and ended
the religious wars.
o Ruled by King Philip II.
o Revolt breaks out after Philip restructures the Catholic Church to weaken the
Dutch Protestants attack Catholic Church property.