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Lecture 5

HIS 102 Lecture 5: Western Civ Lecture 5

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Illinois State University
HIS 102

HIS 102 Section 001 Lecture 5 Outline of Last Lecture I. Precondition of the Reformation a. Economic Issues b. Spiritual Issues II. Martin Luther a. 95 Theses III. Resulting Conflicts IV. John Calvin V. The Council of Trent VI. Societal Changes Outline of Current Lecture I. Pre-existing Conditions a. France b. The Netherlands c. Bohemia II. Thirty Years War a. Impact on the People b. Peace of Westphalia c. Effects of the War Current Lecture Pre-Existing Conditions o The radical new idea that individuals might follow their own consciences in matters of religion struck at the very foundation of European politics and social realities. o Hostilities involved religion but had significant economic, political, and social dimensions as well. In France o French Wars of Religion (1562-1598) o 1550  the spread of Calvinism scared the French kings. o Kings: Francis I and Henry II These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.  Had a strong Catholic rule. o Queen Catherine Medici takes over rule after death of Henry II (1559). o Religious war breaks out 1562.  Catholics vs French Calvinists (Huguenots) o Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre (Aug 1572)  King orders death of protestant leadership.  Women and children not spared.  Lasted 6 days. o Civil war continued until King Henry III was assassinated (1589) with no heir to fill his place. o Henry IV issues Edict of Nantes which promoted religious toleration and ended the religious wars. The Netherlands o Ruled by King Philip II. o Revolt breaks out after Philip restructures the Catholic Church to weaken the aristocracy (1566).  Dutch Protestants attack Catholic Church property.
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