AMS 207 Lecture 2: AMS 207 Notes 2-9

34 views2 pages
11 May 2017
Immigration History
- Before 1924, immigration from Europe was almost unrestricted
o Until 1882 (Chinese exclusion Act), Chinese immigration was largely ignored
- From 1650 to 1820, immigration is very slow and homogeneous
o Mostly English and Scottish, some black slaves (earlier indentured servants)
- Small cities, communal outlooks
o Many immigrants leave cities for farms
- 1840-1860
o Beginning of the First Wave of immigration
o 4 million total immigrants arrive
o Most Irish (potato famine) and German
- 1870-1920
o 26 million immigrants to the US
o Coincides with industrialization and feeds urbanization
o Meltig Pot
o Much more diverse
Italians, Polish, Russians, Slavs, and Asians
- Push Factors
o Agricultural depression and political uprising
o European industrialization undercuts older forms of labor in Germany
- Pull Factors
o Political and individual rights
o US and State governments want more people
o Industry needs more labor power
o High geographic mobility and lots of land: both natives and immigrants move into
western lands (Homestead Act, 1870)
New York: The global in the local
- Cities are often where globalization becomes most obvious
- By 1855, 2/3s of New York is foreign born
o Most poor and unskilled
- Nihe idustries ad a rae to the otto.
Effects of Industrialization
- Local specialization becomes geared towards national and international markets
o Transport technologies open new markets
o Flow of commodities increased rapidly, widespread changes in mode of production,
leading to greater bifurcation between work and leisure
Street Culture: Gangs, Boxing, and Drinking
- Oppositional culture for displaced artisans and new working class
- Middle class: sobriety, restraint, domesticity, work ethic
- Working class: Heavy drinking culture
- Arenas for demonstrating masculinity in a world where socioeconomic mobility is limited
find more resources at
find more resources at
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.