GEO 201 Lecture 4: Cities of Industry

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4 Feb 2017
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Cities&of&Industry&&!
!
The&American&Urban&System&
" Idea!is!to!think!abut!urban!relationships!of!cites!as!a!geographical!network!of!
interrelated!cities.!!
" A!national!network!of!cities,!and!smaller!networks"at!county!or!regional!level!
" Historically!citeis!have!been!thought!of!as!bounded!by!national!limits.!!
" Today!we!are!part!of!a!global!economy,!even!small!cities.!!
!
Chicago&by&rails&and&water&&
1803:!Ft.!Dearborn!built!
1833:!Potawatonis!sign!treaty!selling!Chicago.!!
1852:!National!railroad!was!completed!!
1848:!Telegraph!connects!Chicago!to!NY!
1852:!Railroads!connect!Chicago!to!NY!
Cronon:&Natures&Metropolis:&Chicago&&
"Early!settlements!of!Chicago!was!on!marshy!margins!of!land!Michigan.!!
"!Cronon!asks:&Is&Chicago&located&where&it&is&because&it’s&a&good&location&for&a&
city?!
"!First!Nature!Attributes:!natural!land!attributes!
"!marshy!land!made!it!terrible!for!navigation!of!boats.!!
"!2nd!Nature!Attributes:!those!that!people!created!!
"!Canals,!railroads,!raising!city!up!off!marshy!land,!river!dredging!and!
building!piers!to!keep!navigation!uninhibited!by!sand!
"The!2nd!nature!attributes!made!Chicago!a!good!place!for!a!city,!its!natural!attributes!
did!not!.!!
!
"!The!location!was!good!for!the!city!as!it!was!a!gateway!to!the!west.!!
"!Advantage"!midway!point!of!being!on!western!edge!of!development.!!
"!Goods!could!be!shipped!from!N.E.!into!the!interior.!!
"From!the!west,!served!as!a!gathering!point!for!agricultural!commodities.!
Chicago"!gathered!up!commodities!to!ship!east.!!
!
"!Combination!of!2!different!competing!modes!of!shipping.!!
! "By!ship!when!the!lake!was!not!frozen!but!also!by!railway.!!
! "The!shipping!competition!made!for!better!shipping!rates!
"2nd!nature!investments!are!thought!of!as!naturally!advantageous.!!
"The!growth!of!the!“great!west”!began!with!the!city!(not!vice!versa)!!
!
"Why&did&boosters&see&metropolitan&density&for&the&future&site&of&Chicago?&
"!French!exploration!and!trading!routes,!17th!century.!!
!
"!Chicago!built!canal!between!Plains!River!and!Chicago!River"!making!everything!
very!connected.!!
"The!development!of!transportation!is!what!made!Chicago!successful.!!
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